A brief explanation for vaginitis
As mentioned earlier, the wet mount test procedure (sometimes called a vaginal smear) screens for vaginitis. But, what exactly is vaginitis, and how do women get it?
Vaginitis, also called vulvovaginitis, is the general term for the inflammation of the vagina and vulva. Reports say that most women get from an infection, but a reaction to feminine products can also trigger the condition as they disrupt normal vaginal pH.
When you have vaginitis, you might notice symptoms such as vaginal itching and pain, burning sensation, and abnormal discharge.
However, the symptoms vary depending on the type of vaginitis. Some of the common types of vaginitis are:
- Vaginal yeast infection due to Candida albicans, a type of fungi
- Trichomoniasis, which results from parasite infection; it’s also a type of sexually transmitted disease.
- Bacterial vaginosis, which happens due to an imbalance in pH leading to vaginal bacterial overgrowth.
- Other STDs like genital warts, syphilis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, etc.
The importance of wet mount test procedures
A vaginal smear is crucial because it checks for the presence of infection. In this screening, the doctor takes a sample of the vaginal discharge, places it on a glass slide, and mixes it with a salt solution.