What are your concerns?

close
Inaccurate
Hard to understand
Other

Or copy link

An Explainer on Black Blood During Menstruation

    An Explainer on Black Blood During Menstruation

    A major portion of the population menstruates. But for something so common, there’s still much to learn about this. Menstruation is a process involving monthly discharge of tissue and blood from the inner lining of the uterus (endometrium) through the vagina. The color varies from person to person. And it may even change over the course of someone’s life or during just one period cycle. What’s the reason behind black blood and other color changes? Read on to learn more.

    In this article, we’ll be going through what normally causes period blood to turn black, whether it’s a cause for panic, and what other things black period blood could signify.

    Black blood and other menstrual color changes

    Period blood often changes throughout the duration of the period.

    At the start, it’s possible for it to be a brighter red color at the start of the period. And then, it may turn darker and darker as the days go by. It’s also possible that the blood would be dark at the start. Then it gets lighter towards the middle, and darken again towards the end.

    The concept behind black blood is oxidation. When blood is exposed to oxygen, it turns darker in color like how iron rusts but in a shorter period of time.

    Therefore, the longer it takes for the blood to leave the uterus, the darker the color of the blood will be. Regular vaginal fluids may also affect the color and consistency of discharge. And these are all perfectly normal.

    Should you be alarmed?

    Oftentimes, it isn’t a cause for concern. If it happens within the normal timeframe of your period, in normal amounts, then it’s really no cause for concern. As we’ve mentioned above, black period blood merely indicates that the blood has taken extra time to leave the uterus.

    black blood

    Other causes

    The first reason is what we’ve stated above. It could be the beginning or the end of a period when blood flow is typically slower. This allows for the blood to have more time to oxidize. So it can become so dark it eventually appears to be black blood.

    Stuck foreign object

    Another reason is that something could be stuck and hampering blood flow. It could be a foreign object like a condom, contraceptive device (cervical caps, diaphragms, or vaginal rings).

    Hematocolpos

    It could also be hematocolpos or retained menses. This is when menstrual blood can’t leave the vagina. Instead, it collects, while slowly oxidizing and getting darker. It’s often the hymen, the septum, or surgical complications that could cause this. However, if you have not been diagnosed with this condition, it is highly unlikely.

    Rarely, cervical cancer

    The next reason is very rare but worth looking into. This is especially true if you also experience irregular periods, menorrhagia which is defined as prolonged or heavy menstrual bleeding, and post-coital bleeding, which means bleeding after sexual intercourse. Black period blood could, in very rare cases, be an early symptom of cervical cancer.

    Early-stage doesn’t really have any distinctive signs but if you have a history of cancer, you might want to err on the side of caution and get it checked. At the later stages, the symptoms are bleeding or pain during or after sex, fatigue, longer and heavier periods, pelvic pain, and swollen legs.

    Postpartum lochia (discharge)

    If you had recently given birth, black blood might be postpartum lochia which is a perfectly normal form of bleeding that occurs around 6-8 weeks after childbirth. A lot of blood has accumulated and eventually, the body expels dark or black blood that eventually lightens as the bleeding continues.

    If you are less than 5 months pregnant, black blood could, unfortunately, be an indication of an early miscarriage. The body might go into a missed miscarriage and still present symptoms of pregnancy so the best course of action is an ultrasound to precisely determine what has happened and set your worries to rest.

    Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI)

    Lastly, it could be a sexually transmitted infection causing this if black blood is accompanied by a burning sensation when peeing, discharge with an unpleasant smell, itching, pain or bleeding during or after sex, pelvic pressure or pain, and spotting between periods

    Key Takeaways

    Black blood is concerning if it happens alongside other symptoms or outside your normal timing for a period. For most women, periods last around two days to a week every three to five weeks. Certain conditions might need for you to visit a healthcare provider if it happens during pregnancy, after delivery, or while entering menopause.

    It’s also best to get checked if it’s accompanied by abnormal discharge and itching, cramping or pain, and a fever that could indicate an infection.

    The treatment for this, if it is required, will depend on the reason once it is ascertained. This means the removal of the object, antibiotics for infections, and other procedures needed to resolve the underlying conditions. If you are unsure about anything, make sure to do your research and reach out to your doctor.

    Learn more about menstruation and its impact on health here.

    Ovulation Calculator

    Ovulation Calculator

    Tracking your period cycle, determines your most fertile days and increases your chance of conceiving or applying for birth control.

    Ovulation Calculator

    Tracking your period cycle, determines your most fertile days and increases your chance of conceiving or applying for birth control.

    Ovulation Calculator

    Cycle Length

    (days)

    28

    Period Duration

    (days)

    7

    Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

    Sources

    Black Period Blood

    https://flo.health/menstrual-cycle/health/period/black-period-blood Accessed October 25, 2021

    What Does the Color of Your Period Mean

    What Does the Color of Your Period Mean?

    Accessed October 25, 2021

    Menstrual Clumps

    https://kidshealth.org/en/teens/clumps.html

    Menstrual Blood Color

    https://kidshealth.org/en/teens/blood-color.html

    Accessed October 25, 2021

    Irregular Vaginal Bleeding

    https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/vaginal-bleeding-irregular

    Accessed October 25, 2021

    Vaginal Bleeding

    https://www.mayoclinic.org/symptoms/vaginal-bleeding/basics/definition/sym-20050756

    Accessed October 25, 2021

    Picture of the authorbadge
    Written by Tracey Romero Updated Jun 20
    Medically reviewed by Janie-Vi Villamor Ismael-Gorospe, MD