From basic abdominal X-rays to CT scans, imaging tests help in viewing even the smallest to the biggest kidney stone. Some of the other imaging tests to detect renal calculi are an ultrasound, intravenous pyelogram, retrograde pyelogram, and MRI scan of kidneys and abdomen.
Depending on the type and causes of renal calculi, a specific treatment is recommended by the medical experts.
One of the treatments for renal calculi is shock wave lithotripsy. Under this treatment, shock waves are used which breaks the kidney stones into smaller pieces. Once they are broken into smaller parts, they easily pass through your urinary tract. This treatment is approximately 45-60 minutes long and is conducted after you are given general anesthesia.
When a kidney stone is stuck in the ureter or bladder, your GP would recommend a treatment known as ureteroscopy. In this treatment, a long tool (tube-shaped) is used to find and remove the kidney stone. If the stone is too large to be removed, then it is broken into smaller pieces so that it can get out of your body through urination.
In severe and rare cases, you might be required to undergo a percutaneous nephrolithotomy surgery to remove the kidney stone. A tube is inserted directly into the kidney in order to remove the stone. This surgery would require 2-3 days of stay in the hospital.
Kidney stones can be easily prevented or taken good care of post treatment by simple lifestyle changes and adopting disciplined habits.
- Drinking lots of water is one of the most essential tips, especially for the ones with a history of renal calculi – they should be passing out around 2.5 litres of urine per day.
- If your diet is high in protein, try to bring it down. Replace animal protein with vegetarian alternatives like legumes. Also, reduce salt intake.
- If the stone formed in your kidney is the calcium oxalate type, medical experts suggest avoiding foods rich in oxalates like beetroot, spinach, sweet potatoes, nuts, chocolate, tea, and soy products.
Some of the home remedies for renal calculi include:
Also known as Tulsi leaves are said to have compounds that help stabilise the uric acid levels in the blood, ensuring lower possibilities of kidney stone formation. Basil is also considered to have acetic acid – a chemical known to dissolve stones.
Wheatgrass is rich in antioxidants which in turn clears the urinary tract of salts and minerals. It also helps in more urine production which allows stones to pass swiftly.
Pomegranate’s astringent and antioxidant properties are considered to reduce the possibilities of forming kidney stones and allows their easy passage.
The citrate compound in lemon helps in breaking the calcium deposits and slows down their growth.
Kidney stone diet recipes
Refer to cookbooks, nutritionists, or just YouTube for some healthy and tasty kidney stone diet recipes to make yourself a healthy dish.