Treatments for kidney stones or bato sa kidney vary depending on the sizes, as follows:
- Drinking water. At least 3 liters every day helps to prevent the formation of kidney stones and also produces clear urine.
- Pain relievers. In some cases, small stones may cause slight discomfort. Taking recommended medications from a doctor will help to relieve the pain.
- Medical Therapy. This medication is also known as an alpha-blocker. The process includes relaxing the muscles in the ureter resulting in quick travel of kidney stones with less pain.
- ESWL. The procedure that uses sound waves in breaking the kidney stones is called Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL). It creates a strong vibration to break the stones into tiny pieces. Some effects may occur during the procedure, such as bruising in the back or abdomen, blood in the urine, pain, and discomfort.
- Surgery. This procedure is called nephrolithotomy, wherein the large stones will be removed through surgery using small telescopes and other instruments. It is recommended if the ESWL is unsuccessful.
- Scope. It uses a thin-lighted tube called a ureteroscope with a camera for locating smaller stones blocking the ureter or kidney. It also uses some special tools for breaking kidney stones into pieces and passing them through urine.
- Parathyroid gland surgery. This treatment is applicable when the calcium phosphate level is too high.
How can I prevent bato sa kidney?
- Drink plenty of water, at least 3 liters of fluids each day
- Reduce the amount of salt in your diet
- Eat foods with the recommended amount of calcium and low oxalate levels
- Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables, and less meat
- Take medications based on a prescription of the health care provider
Kidney stones or bato sa kidney is a common condition for all people at any age. After all, small stones exit on their own after a few weeks through urine.
The formation of kidney stones can also be prevented by following some steps and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
However, some large kidney stones formed in the renal pelvis may block the ureter, causing severe symptoms like blood in the urine and other complications if not treated early.