Urinary Incontinence in Older Adults
Urinary incontinence can be experienced at any age, but it is a more common occurrence in older adults. Research shows that about 30% of older women and 15% of older men have experienced this type of urinary disorder.
It affects women twice as men do due to their tendency to have more health-related disorders, and because the urethras of women are shorter than those of men. However, it is considered an under-recognized disorder as it is not mostly reported by patients to their doctors.
Types of Urinary Incontinence
Urinary incontinence may happen anytime anywhere with no signal, and can also indicate a more serious health condition that should be treated immediately.
There are also instances that some events increase or worsen the incontinence of a patient. Here are the types of urinary incontinence that vary on factors and situations accordingly:
It is an uncontrollable urine leakage that may manifest without the signal of the need to urinate. This is the most common type of urinary incontinence in older adults. This is usually caused by holding in the urine for a long time and the inability to arrive at the bathroom quickly. Nocturnal incontinence is also common under this type.
This is caused by the sudden pressure put on the intra-abdominal cavity such as coughing, sneezing, bending, laughing, lifting, or other physical activity. The amount of leakage varies on the severity. It can be mild, moderate, or severe.
This type of incontinence is most common in women than men probably because of the complications due to menopause and childbirth. However, this is also possible for men; particularly those who have undergone radical prostatectomy. In addition, obese people are more likely to have severe stress incontinence because of the heavier pressure put on the intra-abdomen.
Also called an overactive bladder, the amount of leakage in this type of incontinence is smaller but constant. Despite leaking small amounts of urine, the constant leak can lead to a significant loss of urine. Both men and women are most likely to be affected due to prostate problems and menopause, respectively.