However, the nails grow from the nail root or nail matrix, which is located under the skin. The nail matrix contains cells that divide and push out sheets of dead cells containing keratin, which is what we see as the nail plate.
Fingernails usually grow faster than toenails. In fact, fingernails can grow 0.55 mm to 1.2mm every week.
How to Take Care of Your Nails
Practicing good hygiene and self-grooming habits can make a world of difference between having healthy nails vs unhealthy nails. Below are a few tips and good habits to practice to ensure that your nails stay in good shape:
Do not cut your cuticles
The cuticle is a translucent layer of dead skin cells that are usually located at the edge of the nail plate. If you’ve gotten into the habit of cutting off your cuticles when cutting your nails, or whenever you’re getting a manicure then it’s probably best to stop doing that. The cuticle prevents bacteria from entering the area of the nail matrix, and cutting it shorter makes the nail more vulnerable. If you accidentally cut yourself with unclean tools, you also expose yourself to more bacteria.
Next time you get a manicure, ask your nail technician to simply push back the cuticles instead of cutting them.
Cut your nails according to the shape of your finger
According to the American Academy of Dermatology Association, trimming your nail in the shape of your fingertips ensures that the nail remains strong. Typically, nails are cut straight across then gently rounded at the edges.
Protecting your hands also protects your fingernails