Reproductive health is about enabling people to have a satisfying and safe sex life while having the ability to reproduce, should they choose to do so, and giving them the freedom to decide on the if, when, and how often. It is also about empowering people to fight against sexually transmitted diseases.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Sexual Health in the Philippines
Types of STDs affecting Sexual Health in the Philippines
Sexually transmitted diseases, also known as STDs, are spread most of the time through sexual intercourse. There are eight known types of STDs, including some forms of hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, syphilis, chlamydia, trichomoniasis, genital herpes, genital warts, and gonorrhea.
Here are a few quick definitions of the different STDS:
A potentially fatal virus that can be passed on through blood transfusion of contaminated blood, or through sexual intercourse. It can also be spread by contact with infected blood. A mother may pass it to her child during pregnancy, childbirth or breast-feeding.
This is a bacterial infection that starts as a painless sore, typically found in the rectum, mouth, or genitals. It spreads via skin or mucous membrane contact with the sores.
A bacterial infection. Women can get it in the cervix, rectum, or throat. Men can get it in the urethra, rectum, or throat. A woman can also pass chlamydia to her baby during childbirth.
A common and easily treated sexually transmitted infection caused by a parasite. In women, trichomoniasis can cause a foul-smelling vaginal discharge, genital itching and painful urination. Men who have trichomoniasis typically have no symptoms. Pregnant women who have trichomoniasis might be at higher risk of delivering their babies prematurely.
These are small painful blisters that are found in the genital area. These blisters pop and leave sores that bleed or ooze with pus. This is normally accompanied by a fever or headache. This can be managed but it is not curable.
It is caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). There are two types of this virus: HSV-1 which causes oral herpes and HSV-2 which causes genital herpes. HSV-1 can be transmitted to the genitals through oral sex.
Although uncomfortable, these are mostly harmless and treatable. They are normally found on the entrance of the anus and genitals. These are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV can lead to cancer at times.
An infection that causes a burning sensation when urinating. This is accompanied by a white or yellow discharge from your genitals. This is a serious complication but it can be treated with the right medicine.
An infection of the liver that spreads when people come in contact with the blood, body fluids, or open sores of someone who has the hepatitis B virus. This is treatable and goes away if you get it as an adult.