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8 IUD Side Effects That Must Be Considered

8 IUD Side Effects That Must Be Considered

The IUD (intrauterine device) is a contraceptive that is in great demand by Filipina women because it is effective and installing the IUD is relatively easy. Depending on the type you want to have in place, the IUD can last from 3 to 10 years to prevent pregnancy. However, you should first know the IUD side effects that may occur before you can confidently decide to use it.

What are some IUD side effects?

Just like other contraceptives, the IUD ( hormonal or copper type of IUD ) comes with various advantages and disadvantages. Not to forget, sometimes there are one or more side effects that accompany the use of this spiral contraception, including:

1. Pain during IUD insertion

One of the IUD side effects is the pain that is felt when inserting the IUD . Although not all women experience this, this condition is one of the possible IUD side effects.

Usually, this pain doesn’t last long, so you don’t have to worry. However, you may need to be accompanied by someone while going through this process. The reason is, you may not be able to go home alone if you experience pain or pain.

2. Irregular menstruation

Another side effect that may occur when you use the IUD is irregular menstrual cycles. Usually, irregular menstrual cycles depend on the type of spiral birth control used. Especially, given that there are two types of IUDs that you can use.

For example, if you use hormonal spiral contraceptives, you will usually experience light bleeding but with irregular menstrual cycles. Meanwhile, when you use nonhormonal spiral birth control, you may experience heavier bleeding.

3. Abdominal cramps after IUD insertion

Another IUD side effect that you can also experience after using the IUD is stomach cramps. Yes, you are very likely to experience pain or cramping in the abdominal area after a spiral contraceptive is placed in your uterus. Stomach cramps can also appear when you are menstruating.

However, the abdominal cramping you feel may be slightly different from the cramping or pain you usually feel during your period. Therefore, when you experience unusual abdominal cramps, you may need to have this spiral birth control thread checked or consult a doctor.

4. Bleeding spots appear

If you experience spotting when using an IUD, you don’t need to worry. The reason, it may be one of the IUD side effects. This usually happens because your body still needs time to adapt to the presence of this foreign object.

However, there is a possibility of bleeding after sex. Although, the actual presence of an IUD in the vagina should not interfere with your sexual activity with your partner.

If the use of the IUD makes you or your partner feel uncomfortable during sex, you should consult a doctor.

5. Nausea and stomach ache

Not infrequently, another IUD side effect that you may experience after insertion is nausea. Nausea you experience will be slightly different from nausea you might get from using other forms of contraception.

You can reduce nausea you feel by drinking lots of water. In addition, you can also consume fruit or vegetable juices which you think can reduce nausea and the dizziness you feel.

6. Vaginal infection

One of the fairly serious side effects that you may experience after insertion of the IUD is infection. The infection you experience usually occurs in the vagina. However, this is only possible if the doctor or other health care professional does not insert the IUD correctly.

That is, as long as you and your doctor follow the steps for installing spiral contraception, the possibility of this one IUD side effect is very small. However, as reported by the Office on Women’s Health, after installation, your risk of developing an infection in your reproductive organs does increase. Even so, it does not mean that every woman who uses an IUD as a contraceptive will experience this condition.

7. IUD position shifts

One possibility that can occur from the use of the IUD is that it shifts its position in the uterus. In fact, this position can shift all the way out of your womb. Therefore, it is important that you regularly check the position of the IUD thread. This can help you ensure that the IUD is still in its original position.

If you’re concerned that the IUD has shifted or the IUD thread isn’t felt, use backup contraception until you have time to see a doctor.

8. Other IUD side effects

Not only that, the actual use of the IUD does have a variety of potential side effects. However, the IUD side effects are still quite temporary. For example, another side effect that may also occur when you have an IUD inserted is the development of acne.

Not only that, other mild IUD side effects are body aches and pains, to sore breasts after IUD insertion. These side effects are more likely to occur when you use a hormonal IUD.

How to deal with IUD side effects?

Actually, you don’t have to worry too much about the side effects of IUD insertion. Why? Because the side effects of using spiral contraceptives often only last for the first few months of use. This happens because your body is still adapting to the presence of the IUD in the uterus.

However, this condition does not interfere with your daily activities or routines. In addition, there are various ways that you can address the IUD side effects.

  • Take pain relievers, such as ibuprofen, paracetamol, or naproxen to reduce pain.
  • Use a warm compress right on the area under the stomach that feels uncomfortable, to relieve cramps and pain.
  • Use a pantyliner for some time to absorb any bleeding or irregular blood spots.

However, you need to be careful about any IUD side effects that you experience after insertion. If the side effects you experience continue to appear for months and do not go away, it’s better if you go to the doctor.

Tell your doctor about any conditions and symptoms you are experiencing. Avoid solving health problems without the supervision or advice of your doctor.

Learn more about Contraception here.

This article was first published on Hello Sehat.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Sources

Pelvic inflammatory disease, https://www.womenshealth.gov/a-z-topics/pelvic-inflammatory-disease, Accessed Jan 22, 2022

What are the disadvantages of IUD, https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/birth-control/iud/what-are-the-disadvantages-of-iuds, Accessed Jan 22, 2022

IUD, https://youngwomenshealth.org/2012/08/02/iud/, Accessed Jan 22, 2022

Do the benefits of IUD outweigh the side effects?, https://health.clevelandclinic.org/do-the-benefits-of-iuds-outweigh-the-potential-side-effects/, Accessed Jan 22, 2022

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Written by Hello Sehat Updated Jan 24
Fact Checked by Kristel Lagorza