Acute bronchitis is mainly caused because of viruses that cause cold and flu. The infection that begins with the nose slowly spreads through the throat and then the airway. While chronic bronchitis is mainly caused because of pollutants present in the air that harm your lungs. The pollutants can be dust, chemicals, etc. Other possible cause of chronic bronchitis is smoking.
In this condition, it becomes difficult for you to breathe in and out. Common symptoms of acute and chronic bronchitis include cough which initially starts as dry cough and eventually turns into a wet cough causing difficulty in breathing, wheezing, and heaviness in the chest.
Other symptoms of acute bronchitis include body pain, fever, runny nose, and sore throat. In most cases, even after the symptoms are cured, it might take a few days for the airways to heal completely. If the cough is persistent, it is advised to talk to your doctor. It might be an indication of some other health condition. In chronic bronchitis, there are chances of you having a cough that may last for several weeks.
If you have existing lung infections or lung diseases, you are more likely to get bronchiectasis. And if you have a weak immune system, you may be at risk of getting the condition. If you have cystic fibrosis, you are more likely to get bronchiectasis. Cystic fibrosis is a condition that causes severe lung infection and that makes it difficult to breathe.
Other possible causes of bronchiectasis are a severe infection or injury to the lungs.
Common symptoms of bronchiectasis include difficulty in breathing, pain in the chest, wheezing, fatigue, weight loss, coughing up thick phlegm. The symptoms of bronchiectasis may take a lot of time to develop.
If you come across any of the above symptoms seek medical help. It is important for early diagnosis of the condition for effective treatment. In some cases, bronchiectasis can change the shape and proper functioning of airways.