Problems with daily tasks
The primary symptoms of asthma like difficulty in breathing, coughing, runny nose, and wheezing often affect your mental well-being, preventing you from living life as usual. You may not feel like going to school or work. Naturally, other daily activities also get affected – your hobbies, workout, and even sleep and relaxation.
This might cause stress, increasing the risk of diabetes and other medical conditions of the heart. The inability to continue with your regular life because of asthma can occur if you have ignored your symptoms, not visited a doctor, or you have not been following the treatment advised by your doctor. Hence, this is a short-term asthma complication till you switch to a lifestyle that manages your condition well.
Severe asthma attacks
The symptoms of asthma can occur regularly or frequently. According to a study, up to 10% of asthmatic patients are diagnosed with severe asthma. For them, the complications of asthma can occur frequently or daily. These complications include asthma attacks that may not respond positively to treatment, even if they are mild in intensity. Despite such attacks being a short-term asthma complication, you might need an emergency visit to the hospital, where you will be kept under close observation.
Side effects of medications
Although rare, certain medications used in the management of asthma can increase the risk of other health conditions like osteoporosis, high blood sugar, a fungal infection in the mouth, or other respiratory infections. Asthma by itself does not lead to these medical conditions.
However, people who take oral prescription medications for asthma are more susceptible to these side effects than those who are prescribed inhalers and other forms of treatment. These oral drugs, like corticosteroids, may also cause other side effects like increased hunger, hyperactivity, and disturbed sleep. Consumption of oral corticosteroids might also raise the risk of other medical conditions like osteoporosis, high blood sugar, weight gain, headaches, nausea, and fatigue.
The side effects of inhaled medications are usually negligible and may include sore throat or hoarseness. But, people who have been prescribed the highest dose of inhaled corticosteroids are more than twice as likely to be susceptible to pneumonia or infections of the lower respiratory tract. This can occur when the inhalers are not thoroughly cleaned. Another reason may be because corticosteroids interfere with the normal functioning of the immune system.
In case you are experiencing any new symptoms after taking the oral medications, bring it to the notice of your doctor immediately, so that he/she can decide on the next course of action.