What Happens if Your Child has an Allergy?
The severity of the child’s reaction varies from mild to fatal. In a child with allergies, their immune system produces substances called antibodies, which mark a certain allergen as harmful. When the child encounters that allergen, their body will then react, manifesting as inflammation of the skin, sinuses, airways or digestive system.
Some allergies are more harmful than others. At the more extreme end, allergies may cause anaphylaxis, a severe, life-threatening reaction. This is considered an emergency situation.
Thus, it is important to find out what allergies your child may have. A normal reaction can worsen in a short time, anywhere from a mere few seconds to two hours after exposure.
It should be noted that while most allergies in children are common, there are also a number of uncommon, or rare types of allergies.
What are the Symptoms of Child Allergies?
Symptoms of common child allergies differ based on the substance (or allergen) that causes it. These symptoms mainly affect the eyes, lungs, skin, digestive tract, ears, nose. and throat.
They can include one or more of the following:
- Itching (nose, eyes, or palate)
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Watery and red or swollen eyes
- Cramps and discomfort
- Nausea or vomiting
Food allergies are manifested as:
- Swollen lips, tongue, throat or face
- Tingling sensation in the mouth
Allergies caused by insect bites and/or stings may result in:
- Swelling at the site of bite or sting
- Itching or hives
- The tightness of the chest
- Wheezing or shortness of breath
Symptoms of common child allergies due to the intake of drugs may include:
- Itchy skin
- Swelling of the face
The most serious form of allergic reactions, anaphylaxis, can manifest in the following:
- Loss of consciousness
- Drop in blood pressure
- Extreme shortness of breath
- Quick, weak pulse
- Nausea and vomiting
Anaphylaxis shock is deemed an emergency. If your child is experiencing any of the aforementioned, head to the doctor immediately.
Your child is more prone to developing one or more allergies if there is a family history of asthma or allergies (including hay fever, hives, eczema). Children are also more likely to contract allergies. Another risk factor is having an existing allergy or asthma.