As mentioned earlier, obesity and overweight, which are forms of malnutrition, can happen to kids who overeat or consume excessive amounts of sugar and unhealthy fats. If kids eat the same foods over and over again, their risk of developing micronutrient deficiencies also increases.
Case in point, children who only eat rice for carbohydrates, processed meat for proteins, and a few vegetables here and there, are missing out on other micronutrient-rich foods like wholegrain cereals, green, leafy veggies, and seafood.
Myth 3: Malnutrition only affects physical health
Sure, malnutrition has a significant impact on a child’s physical health, but its influence extends beyond that.
Malnourished kids often have academic performance issues: they could have lower cognitive test scores and higher absenteeism and re-enrollment rates. Experts also highlight that deficiency in certain vitamins and minerals can result in lower IQ.
From poor academic performance, the issues may escalate to inability to advance into grade levels and reduced productivity in adulthood.
Myth 4: Boys need more. Girls need less.
According to the World Food Program, one of the persisting myths about malnutrition is that boys need more calories while girls need less. Presumably, people think this way since boys are often physically bigger and more active than girls.