What Triggers Hemolytic Anemia?
Note that patients with G6PD deficiency don’t always experience hemolytic anemia or crisis. It usually occurs when they encounter triggers.
The following may trigger hemolytic anemia or hemolytic crisis:
- Illnesses or infections
- Some painkillers, fever reducers, and antibiotics
- Foods, such as beans
- Chemicals, like naphthalene, which you typically find in mothballs
Rarely, G6PD deficiency may also lead to chronic anemia. In these cases, anemia occurs regardless of the trigger.
A simple blood test can determine if a child has G6PD deficiency. However, they don’t typically go for testing until they develop symptoms.
Parents can talk to their child’s doctor about G6PD deficiency diagnosis if their child:
- Comes from a family where the condition is common
- Has unexplained anemia
- Comes from a family who lives in an area where the condition is common.
According to experts, G6PD deficiency does not often cause problems unless the child gets exposed to triggers that cause severe anemia or hemolytic crisis.
In those cases, the best treatment is to eliminate the trigger. That means treating the infection or stopping the consumption of the drugs. Some children may also require hospital care to get more fluids or oxygen. Depending on the severity of the case, they might also require blood transfusion.