The physician will also use ADHD rating scales and the criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-5 published by the American Psychiatric Association to assess your child.
Depending on their symptoms, the doctor may categorize your child’s condition into one of the following:
- Predominantly inattentive, when the child has inattention symptoms but not hyperactive or impulsive behavior.
- Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive, when the child has many hyperactive and impulsive symptoms, but they can pay attention.
- Combined, when the child has both inattention and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms.
Please note that the early signs of ADHD can change in children. Hence, at one point, they may have the combined form, then transition to being predominantly inattentive.
Remember that young kids, especially preschoolers, may naturally show signs of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness as a part of their growth and development. Hence, don’t panic if your little one appears too energetic.
If you’re worried that they may seem to have ADHD, especially if the symptoms appear often and already interfere with their development, the best course of action is to bring them to a pediatrician.
Learn more about ADHD here.