What Causes Glossitis?
Numerous causes may lead to glossitis, including the following:
Anemia. People with either iron deficiency or pernicious anemia are most likely to acquire glossitis. The lack of blood supply affects the muscles of the tongue, causing pain and swelling.
Vitamin B deficiencies. Glossitis is one of the symptoms of vitamin B deficiencies. According to research, 25% of patients with vitamin B deficiency experience changes and inflammation on the tongue’s surface.
Medications. Some medications can also cause glossitis, such as ACE inhibitors, albuterol, antimicrobial drugs, oral contraceptive pills, and lithium carbonate.
Poor hydration. Lack of water intake can also cause glossitis.
Irritants. The development of glossitis is commonly caused by irritants, such as allergies, habits, and even trauma. These include tongue-biting, alcohol intake, tobacco, dentures, braces, and allergies from food, oral hygiene products, and medications.
Autoimmune conditions. Infection due to bacteria, yeast, and viruses also triggers glossitis.