For this reason, propolis is used as a natural remedy for a variety of bacterial infections such as:
- Respiratory tract infections, the common cold, and sore throat
- Wound healing, burns or acne
A Potential Aid that Fights COVID-19 Complications
In a review, “Propolis and its potential against SARS-CoV-2 infection and COVID 19” by Berretta A.A. et al3, researchers observed that propolis has shown promise as an aid in the management of various comorbidities (e.g respiratory conditions, hypertension, diabetes, etc) which can help reduce the health risk and impact of SARS-CoV-2 infection in COVID patients.
In particular, COVID-19 infection is characterized by the binding of its viral spike to angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). Propolis is believed to exhibit anti inflammatory properties, aiding in reduction of viral replication and enhancing immunity. Propolis has also been shown to have antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory properties.
Currently, there is no specific therapy approved for COVID-19. Handwashing, social distancing and mask wearing are the current mainstays for the reduction of viral spread. And thanks to this study, propolis could prove to be another valuable aid moving forward.
Strengthens the Immune System
Researchers also found that propolis has a positive effect on a person’s immune system. The antioxidants that it contains essentially work as an immunomodulator, or a substance that changes the body’s immune response to keep it active and ready to fight any threats to the body.
Propolis also has antifungal properties. Based on in vitro studies, researchers have found that propolis showed promise when it comes to inhibiting the growth of some types of fungi and can have the potential for the treatment of some fungal infections. The flavonoids present in propolis contribute to its fungicide effects on certain fungi, namely, Candida famata, C. glabrata, C. kefyr, C. pelliculosa, C. parapsilosis, and Pichia ohmeri. It is also the bee product with the highest antifungal activity as tested with 40 different yeast strains of C. albicans, C. glabrata, C. krusei, Trichosporon spp., and Rhodotorula spp2.