The symptoms of salmonella gastroenteritis may last from 4 to 7 days, even without treatment. Diarrhea may persist for up to 10 days.
Salmonella Enteric Fever Symptoms
A person infected with salmonella can present with the following symptoms if they have an enteric fever form of the infection:
- High fever
- Myalgia (muscle pain)
- Constipation or diarrhea
If the condition is untreated and allowed to progress further, the patient may become delirious, weak, fatigued. This is known as a “typhoid state.” It is at this point that the patient is at risk for life-threatening complications.
Signs and symptoms of typhoid fever may recur up to two weeks after the fever has been resolved.
Salmonella Septicemia Symptoms
Salmonella infections affecting the bloodstream can present as an on and off fever. Individuals with septicemia may show respiratory symptoms and diarrhea, but this is not so prominent in this form of salmonella infection.
Salmonella Septicemia: Who Is at Most Risk for Severe Forms of the Disease?
As mentioned earlier, specific groups of people are at risk of severe salmonella infections. These groups include the very young, very old, and immunocompromised.
Those with the following illnesses are at greatest risk of developing severe salmonella:
- Cancer (patients taking chemotherapeutics for treatment)
Certain medical procedures, treatments, or conditions may also increase your risk of developing severe salmonella, such as:
- A splenectomy (removal of the spleen)
- Proton Pump Inhibitors (stomach acid suppression medicine)
What Symptoms Should I Look Out For?
If you notice the following symptoms, seek medical attention as soon as possible: