Types of Dengue
This disease is classified into three types:
- Dengue without warning signs
- Dengue with warning signs
- Severe Dengue
In patients with dengue that manifest warning signs, the most typical symptoms are:
- Pain in muscles, joints, and behind the eyes
- Severe Headaches
There is no specific treatment for dengue but paracetamol is used to control the fever, muscle aches, and pain.
Dengue Shock Syndrome Symptoms and Treatment: What To Watch Out For
If the immune system can no longer fight off the dengue virus and stop it from replicating, the virus spreads throughout the bloodstream and into the organs. The virus then causes the cells of the organs to become permeable, which results in fluid leaking out of the organs.
A person with dengue usually enters the stage of severe dengue around 3-7 days after the illness began. It is normal for dengue patients to have high fever but as they progress into severe dengue, the temperature drops to below 38°C. Even if there is no fever, the patient will continue to feel unwell.
Signs that a person might be having severe dengue are:
- The skin becomes cool
- Red blots are found all over the skin
- Blue discoloration around the mouth (circumoral cyanosis)
- Rapid weak pulse or beating of the heart (tachycardia)
- Black tarry stool
At this point, if the person does not receive proper treatment, they may die within the next 24-48 hours.
Symptoms of severe dengue also include: