Hypertensive crisis treatment
For hypertensive urgency: In all possible cases, your doctor will either add a medication to your list or adjust the dosage of the existing ones. If this is your first experience with high blood pressure, it is a sign for you to be regular with your medication. In extremely rare instances will hypertensive urgency require hospitalisation. Therefore, carefully monitoring your blood pressure for uniformity will help.
For hypertensive emergency: Since this indicates probable organ damage, the treatment for a hypertensive emergency is more intense. It would require immediate hospitalisation with regular blood pressure monitoring, blood and urine tests as well as eye examinations to look for swelling or bleeding due to high blood pressure.
An intravenous (IV) will be used to lower and bring the blood pressure down to a healthy parameter. However, recovery is tricky and would need thorough diligence with medication, eating habits, psychological balance, and exercise thereafter.
When should you seek immediate medical attention?
Some classic signs of hypertensive crisis include difficulty in breathing or shortness of breath or hyperventilation, excessive and non-stop sweating, severe and pounding headache, increasing chest pains, blurry vision, slurred speech, and confusion or bewilderment.
If you notice the above-mentioned indications, check your blood pressure right away. A healthy blood pressure range is 120/80 mm Hg. If you see it rising or moving towards the higher side, speak to your doctor. Do not wait for it to reach a potential 180/120 mm Hg, which can be fatal if not treated in time.
Staying regular with your medications, practising healthy eating habits, exercising only till your body can take it, and meditating to keep anxiousness at bay are some factors, which can help prevent a hypertensive crisis. Do not take or combine any two medicines on your own, consult your doctor about the best way forward.
Learn more about hypertension here.