Brain development and aging
For a time, experts believed that a person’s brain develops the quickest during the early years of their lives. This is a stage that extends well into a person’s young adulthood. From there, the rate at which our brain develops slows down. Sometimes in our 40s, our brain development halts. And from there, our memory and cognition start to decline gradually.
However, experts now believe that our brain continues to develop in our lifetime regardless of our age. Cognition is affected because of physical changes like the shrinking of some parts of the brain. These specifically occur in the:
- Prefrontal cortex, which is responsible for planning motor tasks
- Medial temporal lobe, particularly the hippocampus, which stores information
- Cerebellum, which controls balance and coordination
Following this, what are some exercises to improve memory and concentration?
How do brain exercises help memory and cognition?
There are different exercises to improve memory and concentration. Some exercises include:
- Brain training
- Brain games
- Other brain-stimulating exercises. Brain exercises are activities that help stimulate and sharpen a person’s thinking skills.
According to a study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, researchers found that older adults who participated in a brain training program increased their memory scores by 35% to 40%.
The training improved the participants’ memory and attention span. In the study, participants were those who suffered from mild cognitive impairment (MCI). This is also the same condition found in people who are in the first stages of dementia or Alzheimer’s disease.
Older adults who had participated in the program said that the training included different ways to remember things. These included using visual images to remember names, and associations to remember what is on their grocery list. The research also found that the participants maintained their memory improvements even after the study had concluded.