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Exercises To Improve Memory and Concentration in Old Brains

Exercises To Improve Memory and Concentration in Old Brains

It’s no secret that when we age, our memory and cognition start to decline. We’ve all had a grandparent that scrambles to find their glasses, only to find out later it has been atop their head all this time. This kind of occurrence is common in elders. However, there are exercises to improve memory and concentration in seniors to improve overall brain health.

10 Ways to Slow Down The Aging Process

Brain development and aging

For a time, experts believed that a person’s brain develops the quickest during the early years of their lives. This is a stage that extends well into a person’s young adulthood. From there, the rate at which our brain develops slows down. Sometimes in our 40s, our brain development halts. And from there, our memory and cognition start to decline gradually.

However, experts now believe that our brain continues to develop in our lifetime regardless of our age. Cognition is affected because of physical changes like the shrinking of some parts of the brain. These specifically occur in the:

  • Prefrontal cortex, which is responsible for planning motor tasks
  • Medial temporal lobe, particularly the hippocampus, which stores information
  • Cerebellum, which controls balance and coordination

Following this, what are some exercises to improve memory and concentration?

How do brain exercises help memory and cognition?

There are different exercises to improve memory and concentration. Some exercises include:

  • Brain training
  • Brain games
  • Other brain-stimulating exercises. Brain exercises are activities that help stimulate and sharpen a person’s thinking skills.

According to a study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, researchers found that older adults who participated in a brain training program increased their memory scores by 35% to 40%.

The training improved the participants’ memory and attention span. In the study, participants were those who suffered from mild cognitive impairment (MCI). This is also the same condition found in people who are in the first stages of dementia or Alzheimer’s disease.

Older adults who had participated in the program said that the training included different ways to remember things. These included using visual images to remember names, and associations to remember what is on their grocery list. The research also found that the participants maintained their memory improvements even after the study had concluded.

Results from another study in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, also found that playing brain training games could help improve cognitive function and delay the effects of aging in healthy adults.

exercises to improve memory and concentration

Brain exercises for older adults or seniors

Here are some exercises for seniors to improve their memory and concentration.


Among exercises to improve memory and concentration are puzzles. These activities help stimulate the brain by testing how an individual retains information, which can help improve their memory. Puzzles also help strengthen the bond between the brain cells and promote the growth of new ones.

Different puzzle activities help improve short-term memory, which is a widespread problem for older adults. Puzzles also promote relaxation, which is also very important.

Some examples include:

  • Logic puzzles
  • Jigsaw puzzles
  • Word puzzles

Traditional Games

We often see our elderly play chess and other traditional games in the parks and other public places. These brain games help improve and strengthen their problem solving and logical reasoning skills. These help their short-term and long-term memory.

Some examples of exercises to improve memory and concentration are:

  • Chess
  • Sudoku
  • Bridge game
  • Mahjong

Arts and crafts

According to a study in the Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, elderly people who took part in crafting activities such as knitting, quilting, and others had fewer risks of acquiring mild cognitive impairment (MCI).

Arts and crafts also increase dopamine levels, which help improve cognitive functions.

Some exercises to improve memory and concentration include:

  • Knitting
  • Cross-stitching
  • Crocheting
  • Quilting

Playing video games

A study conducted by psychology professors of the University of Montreal, which was originally about young adults but was replicated for people ages 50 to 75, showed that seniors who played Super Mario 64 for 30 minutes a day, five days a week had increased volume of gray matter in the hippocampus and cerebellum. In addition, the participants also showed improvements in their short-term memory.

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Key Takeaways

There are more exercises to improve memory and concentration for old age people or seniors. However, not every activity will have the same effect on everyone. It will help if you ask the older adults about their interests and find activities that suit their needs. This way, you can introduce more ways on how to improve their brain health.

Brain exercises and activities are more fun if older adults have friends and family to play with. Also, these brain exercises are more effective if done frequently to promote brain health and reduce the risks of dementia and other cognitive problems.

Remember, in addition to brain exercise, do not forget to supplement their daily care with good nutrition and exercise, which both help to improve overall health.

Learn more about Healthy Aging here.


Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.


Can Training Improve Memory, Thinking Abilities in Older Adults With Cognitive Impairment?  https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/01/180116144246.htm Accessed July 29, 2020

Brain Training Games Enhance Cognitive Function in Healthy Subjects https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5930973/ Accessed July 29, 2020

How Memory and Thinking Ability Change with Age https://www.health.harvard.edu/mind-and-mood/how-memory-and-thinking-ability-change-with-age Accessed July 29, 2020

Engaging in Cognitive Activities, Aging, and Mild Impairment: A Population Based Study https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3204924/ Accessed July 29, 2020

The Thinking on Brain Games  https://www.health.harvard.edu/mind-and-mood/the-thinking-on-brain-games Accessed July 29, 2020

Life-span Cognitive Activity, Neuropathologic Burden, and Cognitive Aging https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3772831/ Accessed July 29, 2020

Some Video Games Are Good For Older Adults’ Brain https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/12/171206141648.htm Accessed July 29, 2020

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Written by Mayvilyn Cabigao Updated Jun 02
Medically reviewed by Nicole Aliling, M.D.