Inflammatory bowel disease or IBD refers to a condition that causes inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. IBD causes symptoms such as diarrhea, abdominal pain, fatigue, weight loss, and even bloody stools. If left untreated, IBD can lead to worsening symptoms and even serious complications.
What are the Types of Inflammatory Bowel Disease?
There are two types of inflammatory bowel disease; namely, Crohn’s disease, and ulcerative colitis. These types of inflammatory bowel disease mainly differ in how they cause inflammation, as well as which parts of the gastrointestinal or GI tract they affect.
Here is a breakdown of the two types:
Crohn’s disease is a condition that affects any part of the GI tract. This means that it can cause inflammation anywhere from the mouth, up to the anus. Another trait of Crohn’s disease is that it can affect the entire thickness of the bowel wall and cause inflammation.
In addition, Crohn’s disease can also “skip” certain areas of the intestine. This means that doctors might see patches of inflammation in between normal patches of the intestinal wall.
There are also different types of Crohn’s disease that have different symptoms, depending on where they are located:
- Ileocolitis – This is the most common form of Crohn’s disease, and affects the end of the small intestine, as well as the large intestine or colon.
- Ileitis – This form of Crohn’s disease affects the ileum, or the end of the small intestine.
- Gastroduodenal Crohn’s Disease – This form mainly affects the stomach, and the duodenum or beginning of the small intestine.
- Jejunoileitis – This causes inflammation in the jejunum, or the upper part of the small intestine.
- Granulomatous colitis – This form specifically affects only the large intestine.
Here are some possible symptoms of Crohn’s disease: