What are the risk factors?
Here are some possible risk factors for IBD:
Increased risk for Crohn disease but not for ulcerative colitis.
Decreased physical activity
High intake of dietary fiber has been associated with decrease in risk for Crohn disease (CD) compared to ulcerative colitis (UC).
Increased dietary intake of fat correlated with increase risk for both Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis.
Sleep deprivation has been associated with increased risk of UC and flares in IBD patients. Women with reported sleep duration of less than 6 or more than 9 hours per day had a higher risk of ulcerative colitis compared with women with reported sleep durations of seven to eight hours per day (odds ratio [OR] 1.5, 95% CI 1.1-2.1, and OR 2.1, 95% CI 1.4-2.9, respectively). In contrast, sleep duration did not modify the risk of Crohn disease.
How can it be prevented?
Since scientists are not sure of what exactly causes IBD, there is no known way to prevent it from happening.
But if you do get diagnosed with IBD, the best thing you can do would be to keep your symptoms under control. This is why it is important to get checked as soon as possible if you believe that you might have IBD.
The sooner you can get a diagnosis, the sooner you can manage your condition, and it would help reduce the risk of serious complications.
Learn more about Digestive Health here.