Hemorrhoids: All You Need to Know About This Condition

Medically reviewed by | By

Published on 16/12/2020 . 3 mins read
Share now

Hemorrhoids are a common condition that most people will experience at some point in their lives. Discomfort caused by hemorrhoids can vary from very minimal pain, to more serious pain that might require surgery in order to treat.

What are hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids can refer to both the condition, as well as veins that are located in your rectum or anus. These veins can swell and become larger if a person has chronic constipation or strains too much when they pass stool. Over time, the veins become varicose veins, and patients experience the symptoms associated with hemorrhoids.

Internal and external hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids come in two forms, internal and external.

Internal hemorrhoids are hemorrhoids that are located in the rectum. These types of hemorrhoids are usually painless, and usually don’t cause any symptoms. However, it is possible for internal hemorrhoids to sometimes cause bleeding, and to get worse over time.

Internal hemorrhoids can sometimes bulge and “droop” down and out of the anus. Doctors refer to this as a prolapsed hemorrhoid. Experiencing a prolapse is very painful, and patients would need to undergo treatment or surgery in order to fix the problem.

External hemorrhoids on the other hand affect the veins around the anus. This type can also be very painful, and patients can sometimes feel it as hard bumps around their anus. Passing stool can be very painful, as more pressure gets applied on the veins.

These can go away over time, but if it gets worse, treatment might be required.

Prolapsed, Internal, and External Hemorrhoids: What You Need to Know

Symptoms of hemorrhoids

The symptoms of hemorrhoids can vary depending on the type and severity of the condition. Here are some symptoms that you need to watch out for:

  • Small amount of bleeding when you pass stool; usually painless
  • Itchiness or pain around the anus
  • Feeling hard bumps or lumps around the anus
  • Pain when passing stool

If you experience any of these symptoms, it would be best to talk to your doctor about it.

Causes & Risk Factors

A number of things can cause people to develop hemorrhoids. Here are some of the possible causes:

  • Having a low fiber diet
  • Chronic constipation
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Straining too much when passing stool
  • Being obese or overweight
  • Sitting on the toilet for an extended period of time

What are the risk factors?

As a person grows older, the muscles that control their bowel movements can stretch and get weaker. Over time, this increases a person’s risk for developing hemorrhoids.

Additionally, pregnant women might also experience this as the weight of the baby puts strain on the muscles of the anus. This is why pregnant women have a higher risk of developing this condition compared to others.

How are hemorrhoids treated?

Hemorrhoids can be treated with over-the-counter medication, with medical assistance, or through surgery.

The forms of treatment vary depending on the location, type, and severity of the condition. Here are some of the common forms of treatment that are available:

Over-the-counter medication

For mild to moderate cases, there are creams and ointments available that help reduce swelling and pain. Though, these creams are usually for external cases, and not for the other types.

There are also suppositories, or a round or cone-shaped form of medication inserted into the anus. Suppositories are designed specifically for treating internal cases and can provide relief as well as reduce swelling.

Rubber band ligation

If the hemorrhoid can’t be treated through over-the-counter medication, then rubber band ligation is a possible option. It uses small rubber bands that are tied around the hemorrhoid, which cuts off blood flow, and can eventually cause it to fall off.


Sclerotherapy uses certain types of medication which are injected directly into the veins of the rectum or anus. This helps reduce the size of the vein which can, over time, reduce swelling and get the hemorrhoid back to normal.


In cases where other forms of treatment are insufficient, surgery might be required. This procedure is effective for prolapsed hemorrhoids, and causes very few side effects and a low chance of the hemorrhoid coming back.

Patients usually recover from surgery within a week.


Here are some tips to prevent hemorrhoids:

  • Eat a diet that’s high in fiber. This means eating lots of fruits, vegetables, and eating less meat and fatty foods.
  • Avoid straining when passing stool.
  • Try to maintain a healthy weight.
  • Engage in daily exercise, at least 30 minutes each day.
  • If you notice any symptoms, talk to your doctor about it as soon as possible.

By following these tips, you can reduce the risk of hemorrhoids.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Was this article helpful for you ?
happy unhappy

You might also like

Prolapsed, Internal, and External Hemorrhoids: What You Need to Know

Read on to learn more about internal, prolapsed, and external hemorrhoids as well as how to treat these different types of hemorrhoids.

Medically reviewed by Hello Doctor Medical Panel
Written by Jan Alwyn Batara
Hemorrhoids 10/12/2020 . 3 mins read

Hemorrhoids During Pregnancy: Prevention and Management

Hemorrhoids during pregnancy is quite common since the growing fetus in the womb put a lot of pressure on the rectal area causing to swell and stick out.

Medically reviewed by Hello Doctor Medical Panel
Written by Mayvilyn Cabigao
Third Trimester 23/10/2020 . 4 mins read

Symptoms of Hemorrhoids: All You Need to Know

By knowing the symptoms of hemorrhoids, you can take the urgent steps to seek treatment or prevent your condition from worsening.

Medically reviewed by Hello Doctor Medical Panel
Written by Jan Alwyn Batara
Digestive Health, Hemorrhoids 01/07/2020 . 4 mins read

Ginkgo Biloba

Learn about Ginkgo Biloba. What are the precautions, the warnings and how to use this drug? What should we know about its dose?

Written by Stephanie Nicole G. Nera
Drugs 25/06/2020 . 4 mins read

Recommended for you

hemorrhoid self treatment

Hemorrhoid Self Treatment: What You Can Do at Home

Medically reviewed by Hello Doctor Medical Panel
Written by Jan Alwyn Batara
Published on 12/01/2021 . 3 mins read
recurrence of hemorrhoids

Recurrence of Hemorrhoids: How to Manage Your Hemorrhoids

Medically reviewed by Hello Doctor Medical Panel
Written by Jan Alwyn Batara
Published on 09/01/2021 . 3 mins read
hemorrhoid bleeding how much is normal

Hemorrhoid Bleeding: How Much is Normal?

Medically reviewed by Hello Doctor Medical Panel
Written by Jan Alwyn Batara
Published on 07/01/2021 . 3 mins read
hemorrhoids treatment

Hemorrhoids Treatment: How Do You Get Rid of Hemorrhoids?

Medically reviewed by Hello Doctor Medical Panel
Written by Jan Alwyn Batara
Published on 11/12/2020 . 3 mins read