The gallbladder is an organ that stores bile produced by the liver. When we eat food, the gallbladder releases this bile into the intestine to aid in digestion. In particular, the gallbladder helps us digest fatty foods.
While the gallbladder does play a role in digestion, this is not completely necessary as people without gallbladders are still able to digest the food they eat without any problems. Most people who undergo a cholecystectomy usually don’t have any serious gallbladder removal side effects.
Right after the procedure, patients might experience flatulence, diarrhea, or constipation. This usually happens because the body is still adjusting to digestion without the gallbladder. But over time, these symptoms go away.
In very rare cases, it’s possible for the surgeon to accidentally damage the intestines. But this is an extremely rare occurrence, and any competent surgeon can do the surgery without any problem.