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Is Gastroenteritis Contagious?: All You Need to Know

Definition & Symptoms |Causes & Diagnosis|Treatment & Prevention
Is Gastroenteritis Contagious?: All You Need to Know

Is gastroenteritis contagious? Gastroenteritis is a disease that affects the digestive system. This article will look into the causes, symptoms, risk factors, prevention methods, and other factors regarding this disorder.

Definition & Symptoms

Gastroenteritis is a disorder that is caused by infection and then inflammation within the digestive system. You may have had this condition in the past without realizing it. If you have had stomach flu which caused diarrhea and vomiting, that would have been gastroenteritis.

To put it simply, when you have this condition, your stomach will be irritated and inflamed. It is often caused by a bacterial or sometimes viral infection. So gastroenteritis is contagious.

What are the Symptoms of Gastroenteritis?

There are several symptoms of gastroenteritis that you should take note of:

  • watery diarrhea
  • vomiting
  • stomach pain
  • cramps
  • fever
  • nausea
  • headache

Of these symptoms, the first two are the most common. Because of diarrhea and vomiting, you could also end up dehydrated rather quickly. You should be on the lookout for signs of dehydration too. Those signs include dry skin, dry mouth, the feeling of lightheadedness, and the sensation of intense thirst.

You may experience a general feeling of being unwell and lethargy. In more serious cases, you may see pus in your stool. Another clue that you may have gastroenteritis is the feeling of lightheadedness, which is combined with all the other symptoms that are listed here.

Causes & Diagnosis

Causes

So, what are the causes of gastroenteritis?

Now, this condition can be caused by both viruses and bacteria. The variations come in the form of how the bacteria or the virus would reach the digestive system.

There are actually several ways that the bacteria or virus causing the illness can reach the digestive system of a person and here are the most common ones:

  1. Like other conditions that are caused by viruses, one can get gastroenteritis by coming in contact with a person who is infected with it.
  2. One of the most common means of getting gastroenteritis is through ingesting food or water that is infected with the virus or bacteria which can cause the condition.
  3. Not washing hands after going to the bathroom or after changing diapers is another common cause of this condition.
  4. It is also possible that the gastroenteritis is not caused by an infection. There are certain chemicals for example that can cause the same effects. Lead poisoning for example can cause similar symptoms.
  5. Some types of medication can also lead to the symptoms that have been listed here for gastroenteritis.

So is gastroenteritis contagious? Yes, as you can easily contract or infect others.

Viruses and bacteria

There are two types of viruses that can cause gastroenteritis. Those are rotavirus and norovirus. The rotavirus is by far the most common cause of diarrhea in young children while the rotavirus is the most common cause of an outbreak of foodborne disease in the United States.

Stomach flu caused by bacteria is less common although it can still happen. E. coli and salmonella are the usual triggers and for the most part, they have the same symptoms. They normally come from undercooked food. The Salmonella bacteria can also spread through live poultry.

There is another type of bacteria known as shigella, which can cause gastroenteritis. Shigella spread from one person to another and the common sources are contaminated food or water. Because of the nature of this kind of bacteria, it is often spread in daycare centers.

Parasites can also cause this illness although it is not as common as the other causes that have been mentioned. Organisms like giardia and cryptosporidium can be picked from the pool and they can cause problems with the digestive system.

Other heavy metals like cadmium and arsenic can also cause this illness if they are found in the drinking water.

Diagnosis of Gastroenteritis

How is this condition diagnosed by doctors? As with other illnesses, doctors don’t just rely on a single method for diagnosing gastroenteritis. They use:

  • your medical history
  • physical examination
  • blood tests
  • stool tests

All of these are useful in determining whether you have gastroenteritis or not. Obviously, no single method can be relied upon. They use blood tests and stool tests to confirm if you really have the illness.

Treatment & Prevention

Since there are several causes of gastroenteritis, there are also several treatments that can be used for it.

How gastroenteritis is addressed

The first concern is to take care of dehydration which is caused by vomiting and diarrhea. To take care of that, you will be asked to drink plenty of fluids including oral rehydration solutions. In severe cases, you may have to be admitted to the hospital for treatment.

For gastroenteritis that’s caused by bacteria, your doctor will recommend antibiotics for treatment. There will be medications too for those that are caused by a virus.

How gastroenteritis is prevented

Is gastroenteritis contagious? Yes, as it is communicable. But preventing gastroenteritis is easy enough. All you have to do is to wash your hands and make sure that the food or fluids you consume are clean and that they came from trusted sources.

Avoid handling raw and cooked foods with the same utensils to avoid contamination. Make sure that all surfaces in the kitchen where food will be handled are clean.

Those are the ways to ensure that you can prevent being infected.

Key Takeaways

Gastroenteritis is a serious condition, especially if it is so severe that it leads to dehydration. If not treated right away it can lead to more serious conditions. If you feel that you are having one or several of the symptoms listed here, then don’t wait for your condition to get worse. Seek medical help right away.

Learn more about Digestive Health here.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Picture of the author
Written by Tracey Romero on Dec 14, 2020
Medically reviewed by Mia Dacumos, M.D
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