In this article, you will be reading about cancer recurrence and everything related to liver cancer recurrence.
What is cancer recurrence?
Cancer recurrence is a term used when cancer returns after treatments or surgeries.
You are likely to develop cancer again when some cancer cells remain in the organs even after treatments or surgeries.
These cells can develop in the same place as before or might have migrated to other parts of the body. These cancer cells may silently multiply until you see the symptoms again.
For liver cancer recurrence, a few cancerous cells might have remained in the liver that causes cancer again.
It is very rare that you get new cancer that is completely unrelated to the first.
Causes of liver cancer recurrence
The major reason for liver cancer recurrence is the remains of small cancer cells that stay in the liver after the treatment. Over time, these small cancer cells grow and develop enough to cause issues again.
However, you must know that cancer may not always recur in the same organ. You might have to undergo a few tests to know where and when cancer recurs. Also, it will help to know the type of cancer.
Some types of cancer can have an expected pattern of recurrence. Cancer may develop in the following ways:
- Local recurrence – Cancer that develops in the same organ of the body as primary cancer.
- Regional recurrence – Cancer that develops near the previous cancer area.
- Distant recurrence – Cancer that develops in another part of the body.
Cancer recurrence is called by the same name as the previous cancer, i.e, if you had liver cancer and after the treatment cancer develops in your lungs, it will be still called liver cancer.
Doctors call this condition metastatic liver cancer. Metastatic is defined as cancer that spreads to another part of the body.
Factors that contribute to liver cancer recurrence
Factors that contribute to liver cancer recurrence are:
- The number of nodules
- Presence of cirrhosis
- Vascular involvement
- Absence of capsule formation
- Alcohol abuse
- Intrahepatic metastases
- Preoperative AFP
- DNA aneuploid content
- Size of the tumour
- Tumour at the resection margin
What are the diagnostic tests that you are likely to undergo again?
Same as for the first time, early diagnosing for the second time will help prevent spread and progression.