Bone Marrow Biopsy
Doctors will recommend this test if they detect abnormalities in the blood or suspect that the cancer has spread to the spinal cord. This test can detect cancers such as leukemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma.
During a bone marrow biopsy, the doctor takes a sample of bone marrow from the back of the hipbone using a long needle. In some cases, your doctor may perform a marrow biopsy from another bone in the body. You will receive a local anesthetic before the bone marrow biopsy to minimize discomfort during the procedure.
Biopsy cancer test using an endoscope, a thin flexible tube that helps examine the inside tissue of the body.
Needle biopsies are often performed on tumors that doctors can feel through your skin. These include breast lumps and enlarged lymph nodes.
When combined with an imaging procedure, such as an X-ray, a needle biopsy can collect cells from suspicious areas that are not felt through the skin.
You will receive a local anesthetic to numb the area for biopsy and minimize pain.
During a surgical biopsy, the surgeon makes incisions in the skin to access areas of suspicious cells. For example, removing a breast lump which may be a symptom of breast cancer and removal of a lymph node which may be a lymphoma.
Your doctor may recommend surgical biopsy procedures to remove part of the abnormal cell area (incision biopsy) or remove the entire area of abnormal cells (excisional biopsy).
Some surgical biopsy procedures require general anesthesia to keep you unconscious during the procedure. Your doctor may also ask that you remain in the hospital for observation after the procedure.
How is cancer diagnosed? The procedures above detail various methods to detect cancer. What’s important to remember is that regular screening is an important part of taking care of your health, especially if you are at risk of cancer. Consult your doctor for more information.
Learn more about Cancer here.