In 2020, The Global Cancer Observatory reported that the second highest number of new cancer cases in males in the Philippines were colorectal cancer cases.
Some factors that increase the risk of colorectal cancer include being obese or overweight, a diet high in processed and red meat and low in fiber, physical inactivity, heavy alcohol intake, smoking, aging, and family or personal history of polyps or cancer, and tobacco use.
Most cases of colorectal cancer begin with a polyp. It is a tiny growth on the lining of the rectum or colon. This disease is more easily treated if detected early. Thus, screening plays an important role. However, in the Philippines colorectal cancer is the fifth leading cause of cancer deaths.
3. Cancer in the Philippines: Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is the third most common among new cancer cases in Filipino men. It is the third most common cause of cancer deaths in the Philippines. Usually, most cases of prostate cancer are detected in men ages 65 and above.
The prostate is part of the male reproductive system. It normally produces fluid that forms part of the semen.
The most common risk factor of prostate cancer is age: the older you get, the higher your chances of getting prostate cancer. There are also higher risks of having prostate cancer if the person has close family memvers diagnosed with prostate cancer.
For detection, men can choose to take the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test. The PSA is a substance that is normally produced by the prostate. It may be abnormally elevated in cases of prostate cancer.
In addition, your doctor may opt to perform a digital rectal examination (DRE) wherein a gloved, lubricated finger is inserted into a man’s rectum to examine the prostate gland directly. A digital rectal examination can also be a part of the screening. The PSA level, preferences, values, and general health of an individual is the basis of how often he should be tested.