As paralysis can affect any one or more body muscles, it can affect many body functions. Problems that you may experience due to this condition include:
- Sexual issues
- Skin injuries
- Changes in muscles, joints, and bones
- Issues with heart rate, blood circulation, and breathing
- Loss of bowel control and urination
- Blood clots in the legs
- Mood swings and behavioural changes
- Problems speaking or swallowing
It is easy to diagnose paralysis as you lose control over your muscles of a certain body part. When you are taken to the hospital, the doctor takes a physical examination to find the cause of this condition.
Your doctor may not take a physical examination if it occurs after events like spinal cord injury or a stroke.
To understand your condition in detail your doctor may order a few tests. These tests can help your doctor to know the cause for your condition, the degree of paralysis, and other factors. Your doctor may order the following tests:
- MRI: For an MRI, the professional uses radio waves, a large magnet, and a computer. Together, they create clear images of your body.
- CT scan: The doctor uses rotating X-ray machine to take images from different angles of a body part. This helps your doctor to look at a particular body area properly.
- X-ray: In this imaging test, your doctor will use a small amount of radiation to create detailed images of the dense structures like the bones.
- Spinal tap: For this test, the doctor injects a long needle into your spine to draw spinal fluid and test it.
- Electromyography (EMG): In this test, the doctor measures the electrical activity in your muscles and nerves.
- Myelography: For this test, the doctor uses a contrast dye and injects it into your spinal canal, helping your nerves to show up clearly on a CT scan, MRI, or X-ray.
Your doctor will suggest treatment and medication depending on your condition. Ensure you follow the treatment for paralysis strictly to improve the quality of life.
Your doctor will suggest treatment based on its causes.
Doctors may suggest the following treatments for paralysed patients:
- Medicines: Your doctor will prescribe certain drugs to relieve symptoms like muscle spasms, pain, and stiffness.
- Mobility equipment: Mobility equipment includes limb support, walkers, canes, manual and electrical wheelchairs.
- Occupational therapy: This therapy helps you to perform simple activities.
- Physiotherapy: This helps you to maintain your body strength and muscle mass.
- Physical therapy: This therapy includes simple exercises, massages, and heat compression. Physical therapy can help improve your muscle and nerve functions.
Apart from these treatment options, your doctor may give other treatment suggestions suitable for your particular condition.
Lifestyle Changes and Home Remedies
As you can experience paralysis for numerous reasons, the best way to avoid paralysis or any other health condition is by keeping yourself fit.
Ensure you work out regularly to maintain proper body weight, improve and strengthen your overall physique.
You can also improve your physique by adopting a healthy diet instead of poor and unhealthy diets. Include vegetables and other food items that are rich in vitamins, antioxidants, minerals, and other nutrients.
Overall, try to keep yourself healthy and fit to prevent health conditions that can further cause paralysis.