- Coma – Wherein a person is unconscious and cannot respond to any stimulus.
- Vegetative state – Wherein a person is unaware of his/her surroundings but can only open eyes, respond reflexively, make sounds, and more.
- Brain death – Wherein a person has no measurable brain activity and is often considered as an irreversible state.
How to Prevent TBI
A traumatic brain injury can only be prevented by ensuring that the head is always protected. It is also essential to prevent accidents as much as possible. You must also be mindful of your surroundings all the time and make your home accident-proof.
For example, adding handrails on stairs and ramps can help people maintain their balance and lessen the risks of falling and hitting their head on the floor. You can also add nonslip mats in bathrooms and showers as the floor is constantly slippery and wet. As much as possible, you should also keep the lights inside and around your home bright enough for better sight. You should also remove any toys or wires on the floors to avoid tripping.
When you are driving, ensure that you have your seatbelts on as it can save you in case of accidents. If you are driving a motorcycle or bicycle, you should always wear a helmet to protect your head. If you have children with you, always secure them in their seats and with their own helmets.
Most importantly, avoid alcohol and drug use, especially if you are driving. This includes any medications you might be taking at the moment.
If you have maintenance medications that make you sleepy or groggy, communicate this with your doctor so they can find a suitable schedule that will allow you to avoid accidents when operating your vehicle.
Blunt trauma to the head may cause brain damage. This can be avoided easily by protecting the head and always being mindful of your surroundings. However, when you get into an accident and experience symptoms of brain injury after hitting your head, you should call emergency services and get immediate treatment.
Learn more about the Brain and Nervous System here.