Drugs: Medications like antibiotics from the groups of cephalosporin and penicillin may be the reason for allergic reactions amongst some individuals. Others may be allergic to NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) like ibuprofen amongst others. Chemotherapy agents like platin drugs, taxanes, opiates, doxorubicin, and monoclonal antibodies.
Injected medications: Drug injections that may trigger allergies are lidocaine and procaine. Neuromuscular blocking agents like suxamethonium and vecuronium used during anesthesia are another recognized factor behind allergy triggers.
Dyes: Dyes used in diagnostic scans and X-rays are also a well-known cause for triggering allergic reactions.
Insects: Bites or stings from insects like bees, paper wasps, fire ants, hornets, yellow jackets, etc.
Industrial chemicals: Rubber or latex products frequently used by employees of the healthcare industry are another popular trigger for allergies.
Some of these products are stethoscopes, disposable gloves, catheters, goggles, and dental dams. Other household rubber products include dishwashing gloves, sports equipment, rubber bands, etc.
The diagnostic procedure is a combination of physical examination and medical history.
Let’s take a detailed look at the diagnostic process:
Physical examination: The doctor will thoroughly check the physical symptoms and ask about manifestations if any. He/she is likely to enquire about the source of the trigger and how long it took for the symptoms to manifest themselves.
Investigation about medical history: The doctor is expected to ask you about your personal and family history of medical conditions. This will help him/her eliminate the possible medical conditions that are not a part of your genetic history. Being aware of your personal medical conditions will also enable him/her to analyze whether they can manifest through symptoms that you are experiencing.
Also, let your doctor know about the medications that you may be taking currently or have taken in the recent past.
There are certain medications – oral and intravenous – that may adversely react to cause allergies. Some examples of these are NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) like ibuprofen and aspirin. Others include platin drugs, taxanes, opiates, doxorubicin and monoclonal antibodies, cephalosporin and penicillin.