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Buni Causes: What You Should Know About Ringworm

Medically reviewed by Mia Dacumos, MD · Nephrology · Makati Medical Center

Written by Den Alibudbud · Updated Jul 14, 2023

Buni Causes: What You Should Know About Ringworm

Ringworm, otherwise known as “buni” in Filipino, does not correlate to what its name suggests. Learn more about buni causes here. 

What Is Buni?

Ringworm (tinea corporis) is identified as a skin infection characterized by a rash that is caused by fungus. It is often observed as a circular, ring-like red rash. Ringworm has a multitude of names, each referring to the body part or location of the infection. 

Buni causes patients to experience several symptoms and afflictions, a majority of which affect the person’s skin or dermis. Enumerated below are some symptoms:

  • Formation of a scaly ring-shaped rash found on the location of infection
  • Severe itching
  • Red bumps located in the inner circle of the rash
  • Rings that are expanding and slightly raised
  • Overlapping rings found on the skin
  • Affected skin becomes flat and irritated

While the above-mentioned symptoms are not life-threatening by any means, it is imperative to take into account the nature of the infection, as fungal infections are often dangerous if left untreated. If neglected, buni may become resistant to over-the-counter antifungal medications. 

If over-the-counter antifungal products cease to relieve the symptoms of buni, consult your doctor or dermatologist. It is possible that your doctor may recommend prescription medication.

Buni Causes

Given the nature of ringworm, buni causes are easily narrowed down to just one source: infection through contact with an already infected person or the touching of surfaces and objects handled by someone who has ringworm. Buni is common, especially among children. But adults can also contract ringworm.  

Fungi that causes buni commonly spreads from one person to another through direct contact. However, this does not exclusively apply between humans and other humans. People can become infected by buni through other means. Namely:

  • Animal to person. It is possible to contract ringworm by touching an animal that is infected. Buni can spread while petting or grooming household pets or similar animals. Buni is also fairly common in farm animals such as cows.
  • Object to human. It is possible for buni to spread to others by contact with objects or surfaces that have been touched by an infected person or animal. These objects may include utensils, clothing, towels, linens and beddings, brushes and combs, and any other similar objects that are easy for fungus to stick to.
  • Soil to human. Though extremely rare in comparison to other sources, buni can be spread to humans that have been in contact with soil that has the buni fungi. The reason as to its rarity lies in the fact that any human, for infection to occur, must be in contact with the infected soil for a prolonged amount of time.
  • Types of Buni

    Aside from buni causes, it is also important to learn about what areas of the skin ringworm can affect. Listed below are the skin areas most susceptible to ringworm infection:

    • Scalp: tinea capitis
    • Body: tinea corporis
    • Beard: tinea barbae
    • Feet: tinea pedis, or athlete’s foot
    • Groin area: tinea cruris, or jock itch

    Key Takeaways

    It is worth noting that the fungus responsible for the ringworm infection thrives in warm, moist areas. As such, it commonly targets a person’s body area that is warm and damp, like armpits, toes, groin, and such.

    Buni causes irritation and discomfort, and in many unfortunate cases, embarrassment for those with ringowrm. Widespread buni over the body can also be a sign of an underlying condition. Hence, consult your doctor to effectively and immediately treat your case of ringworm. 

    Learn more about Skin infections here


    Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

    Medically reviewed by

    Mia Dacumos, MD

    Nephrology · Makati Medical Center

    Written by Den Alibudbud · Updated Jul 14, 2023

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