HSV-1 can also be transmitted from a mother with a genital HSV-1 infection to her infant during delivery, causing neonatal herpes. This is however a rare circumstance. If you are experiencing symptoms of herpes or suspect you may have the infection and are expecting to deliver your baby soon, please inform your doctor. They may do interventions to prevent the spread to your baby during delivery.
Do Cold Sores Mean You Have an STD?
So, do cold sores mean you have an STD? The short answer is no. Your symptoms are most likely caused by Herpes Simplex Virus- . Since it is an infection caused by HSV-1, most people would assume that it is an infection contracted through sexual contact. But that is not the case for a majority of the time. As mentioned earlier, a large population of people has HSV-1 and most of these infections occur during childhood, not exclusively during sex.
In contrast, HSV-2 is commonly contracted through unprotected sexual intercourse.
If I Have Oral Herpes, Should I Be Worried?
Oral herpes is very commonly seen in the population. Aside from blisters and sores, there are very little life-threatening aspects regarding this particular type of herpes, so you don’t really have to worry. However, immunocompromised people (such as those with HIV infections) have more frequent symptoms and more severe complications. Rarely, this can lead to the development of encephalitis or keratitis (infections of the brain and the eye respectively).
How Can I Prevent Getting Infected with Herpes?
There is no real way to prevent the transmission of herpes 100%, especially in the case of herpes simplex virus-1 infections. Though there is currently ongoing efforts in developing a vaccine to prevent the spread of infection, none are ready for use to the general public.