Teenage mothers have been found to have an increased risk for the following illnesses:
During pregnancy, women have an increased risk of developing iron deficiency anemia. However, for teenage mothers, the risk is increased by around 2.5 times. Anemia during pregnancy increases the risk of premature birth, low birth weight, and postpartum depression.
It’s also possible for the mother to require a blood transfusion if her anemia becomes too severe. For teenage mothers living in far-flung areas, or places without proper medical facilities, anemia can become very dangerous.
Sexually Transmitted Infections or STIs
Having unprotected sex not only increases the risk of teen pregnancy, but also the risk of having a sexually transmitted infection or STI.
Having an STI not only puts the mother at risk, but there is also a possibility that the baby might get infected as well. Certain types of STIs such as syphilis can even cause organ damage and stillbirth in babies.
Using protection during sexual intercourse is essential to lower the chances of unintended pregnancy and STI transmission.
Postpartum hemorrhage refers to potentially dangerous blood loss that happens right after giving birth. In some cases, a blood transfusion might also be necessary to replace the blood lost by the mother.
Studies have found that young women between 10 and 19 years old are more at risk of developing postpartum hemorrhage after giving birth.
To make matters worse, many women are unable to access adequate medical facilities in case of an emergency. This is especially true for indigents and those living in far flung communities.
Depression and Other Mental Health Problems
In addition to the physical effect of teenage pregnancy, being pregnant at a young age can also have an impact on the mental health of a young mother.
Numerous factors come into play when discussing the mental health of teenage moms. Some are afraid to tell their parents or guardians about their pregnancy. They may worry about the responsibility of having a child. Others feel the social stigma of being pregnant at a young age.