There are several kinds of eczema, including atopic dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, and contact dermatitis. Please note that many people use eczema and atopic dermatitis interchangeably; that’s because atopic dermatitis is the most common type of eczema.
What Does Eczema Look Like?
How eczema looks can differ from one child to another. Sometimes, the rashes appear all over the body; in some cases there’s only one area affected. In babies, it usually starts in the head and face. For young children, rashes could develop in the back of the knee, elbow crease, or around the eyes.
Additionally, please note that people experience exacerbation periods (flare-ups) when the rashes worsen and remissions when they get better. This is why it’s crucial to identify what can trigger flare-ups.
Causes of Eczema in Children
Now that we have a better idea of eczema as a skin condition, let’s talk about its causes.
Doctors still do not know what causes childhood eczema; however, they suspect that it’s a combination of genetics and lifestyle factors. For instance, a child may develop eczema because their immune system reacts differently to specific things.
In some cases, allergies are involved. Case in point, allergic contact dermatitis occurs because our immune system reacts to a substance, causing the rashes to appear.
Common Eczema Triggers
Since the cause is not yet known, the best that parents can do is identify the triggers. This is so they can reduce (if not totally eliminate) their child’s exposure to it. The most common triggers in children are: