Mumps is an infection of the parotid glands, which are glands found around the jaw that are responsible for the production of saliva. The classic symptom of mumps is puffy cheeks caused by the swelling in the parotid glands.
Though one of the common health problems of preschoolers, the infection does not cause any severe symptoms. In addition to the swelling, fever is also one of the symptoms. A person with mumps can infect others and spread the disease by sneezing or coughing.
Pediculosis or head lice
Head lice is prevalent among children and is one of the peskier common health problems of preschoolers, because it is easily transmitted.
Head lice attach to the strands of the hair, and feed on small amounts of blood from the scalp, which can cause intense scalp itching among children. This can become very difficult to get rid of, because of how quickly lice is able to reproduce.
Today, there are many products available such as soaps and shampoos to treat head lice. If your child has head lice, it is best to seek treatment right away to avoid spreading it to other children.
Measles is a childhood infection that is one of the most contagious infectious diseases. It is characterized by a blotchy rash with spots that seems to be under the skin. It first starts around the face, then spreads to all parts of the body.
Measles can be deadly for younger children, but is easily avoidable through vaccination. Consult your pediatrician regarding children’s vaccines.
Threadworm or pinworm
A pinworm infection is an intestinal infection that occurs when children ingest pinworm eggs. These eggs can grow into worms measuring about ½ to ¼ inch. Sometimes, these pinworms can also lay eggs in the skin surrounding the anus, which can cause itching.
As one of the common health problems of preschoolers, pinworm infection can be treated with oral medication. Frequent washing of clothes, underwear, and linens also help alleviate any symptoms caused by the infection.
Your child’s health is your topmost priority, but that should not be a reason to keep them from experiencing essential milestones in their early life. Although the threat of diseases is always a cause of worry, arming yourself with the right information about common health problems of preschoolers and infections is the right step towards becoming a well-informed parent.
Learn more about child health, here.