For instance, school-aged children can have as much as 1,800 mg of vitamin C daily; however, the recommended daily intake is only about 40 to 45 mg. Even if we combine their typical citrus fruit consumption and supplement intake, the likelihood that they’ll surpass the upper limit is slim.
On the other hand, micronutrient deficiency can quickly become a problem for kids who do not have balanced nutrition. Case in point, children who don’t drink milk or consume dairy products may experience a deficiency in calcium.
Of course, micronutrient deficiency symptoms vary based on the vitamin or mineral the child lacks in their diet. For example, a deficiency in vitamin A can lead to vision problems, while zinc deficiency can result in growth retardation. Learn more about micronutrient deficiency here.
Overweight and Obesity
Having a higher Body Mass Index (BMI) usually occurs when kids consume more calories than they spend. Several things can lead to being overweight or obesity in children, like their eating habits, family history, and physical activities.
In general, a child with a diet high in refined sugar and processed foods are at risk of developing excessive weight. The risk further increases if they spend little to no time exercising.
To learn more about the causes and effects of obesity in children, you can refer to this article.
The Importance of Treating Malnutrition in Children
All the types of malnutrition we have discussed here should be treated because they can negatively affect your child’s overall health.
Undernutrition and micronutrient deficiencies, for instance, can hamper their growth and development and make them more vulnerable to illnesses. Similarly, overweight and obesity are known risk factors to certain chronic conditions like cardiovascular diseases and diabetes.
If you suspect that your child has malnutrition, the best thing to do is to bring them to the doctor.
Learn more about Malnutrition in Children here.