Stage 5 – Identity vs Confusion (12 to 18 Years)
Up until this stage, the development is mostly about what the adults do for the kids. Now, what the child does takes the center stage.
The conflict or task in this period is to find their identity – separate from their parents, other family members, and peers. When they are unable to do this in the context of sex role, religion, politics, or occupation, they might develop role confusion.
At this point, parents must guide their children regarding their relationship with their peers.
Stage 6 – Intimacy vs Isolation (18 to 35 or 40 Years)
The conflict at this stage is to develop satisfying relationships through romance or friendship. Handled well, the person will develop a deep sense of intimacy. When unsuccessful, they might develop isolation.
Stage 7 – Generativity vs. Stagnation (35 to 55 or 65 Years)
At this stage, the goal is to produce things that can contribute to society and care for parents, kids, friends, etc. This, according to the 8 stages of development, is generativity. When unable to get through this stage, the person may stagnate.
Stage 8 – Ego Integrity vs. Despair (55 or 65 and Up)
The last of the 8 stages of development is about integrity – a sense of oneself and fulfillment. At this stage, the person can accept his or her life during reflection. If not, then they might experience despair.
Please remember that these 8 stages of development by Erikson is a theory. While you may use it as a guide for child rearing, please keep in mind that each child is special. If you have concerns about your child’s development, please don’t hesitate to get in touch with their pediatrician.
Learn more about Parenting here.