Symptoms of Dengue:
- Red rashes or spots on the skin
- Headache and pain behind the eyes
- Muscle and joint pain
- More severe symptoms include hemorrhage and organ damage
In some cases, dengue can be severe and can present with lethal complications. At the moment, there is no specific form of treatment for dengue. These treatments only help manage the symptoms until the body’s immune system can fight off the infection.
While people with dengue do develop immunity, there are four known strains of dengue. What this means is that even if a person has immunity to one strain of dengue, they can still get infected with the other strains. This is why it is important to remain vigilant in avoiding dengue because being infected more than once is associated with having a more severe and complicated course.
Why Are Dengue Fever and Leptospirosis Common During The Rainy Season?
Both dengue fever and leptospirosis are most common during the rainy season. But why does this happen?
In the case of leptospirosis, the bacteria that is responsible for the infection can live for up to 152 days in fresh water. This means that any unchlorinated water that comes in contact with urine or infected soil can easily spread the disease. Flooding is also a common occurrence in the country, especially in Metro Manila. Coupled with the sanitation problems, rat infestation and the large population, this means that leptospirosis can spread easily in communities.
In the case of dengue, the rainy season makes for favorable breeding conditions. The constant rains also cause water to pool and stagnate in certain areas, which are prime breeding grounds for mosquitoes. This combination of factors creates conditions that can cause the mosquito population to increase, which increases the risk that people could get bitten and infected with dengue.
Safety Tips to Avoid Dengue Fever and Leptospirosis
In order to lower your risk of getting infected with dengue fever and leptospirosis, here are some safety tips to keep in mind: