Hypertension, together with other cardiovascular diseases, is the leading cause of death worldwide. The World Health Organization estimates that 12.8% of all deaths in history are due to this condition. In the United States alone, about 100 million Americans, or 1 in 3 persons, are believed to have hypertension.
What’s more concerning is that compared to other diseases, hypertension rarely exhibits symptoms until it is too late, hence its reputation as a “silent killer.” High blood pressure levels often lead to fatal medical conditions, such as heart attack and stroke. With this in mind, it is a very useful thing to know how to prevent hypertension.
As with all diseases, prevention is key, and learning how to prevent hypertension is very important. If you are at risk, there are also certain things you can do to manage hypertension. A few, easy changes in your lifestyle and diet could pave the way for a healthy future.
What happens when you are hypertensive?
Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a long-term health condition that describes elevated pressure levels of blood pumping against your arteries.
Imagine your arteries are a water hose. When you squeeze the water hose tightly, the amount of water passing through the hose decreases, while the pressure of the water against the hose increases.
The same is true for high blood pressure and the arteries.
As blood pressure goes up, blood flow to your organs, such as the brain, heart, and kidneys decreases. Moreover, high blood pressure can even rupture or burst your arteries. This condition can lead to heart attack, heart failure, and even stroke if not treated properly.
What Causes Hypertension?
High blood pressure is a long-term condition, and you can have it for years without displaying outward symptoms. Older people are more at risk of developing this condition, due to their slower metabolism. This is why it is important to have regular checkups with your physician, who will also impart advice on how to prevent hypertension. If you are concerned about your blood pressure, you can also check it at home with a specialized device called a digital sphygmomanometer.
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