The heart is a fist-sized muscular organ that is located in the chest cavity. Its function is to pump blood through the entire circulatory system.
Blood becomes oxygen-rich as it passes through the lungs, and it supplies oxygen and other nutrients to the various cells and tissues. It also takes care of removing wastes and carbon dioxide. The heart ensures the continuous flow of the blood throughout the body. .
The heart’s pumping rhythm, or pulse, can be affected by different factors and activities. It can beat faster like when you are exercising to deliver nutrients quicker to muscles to prevent fatigue. It can also beat slower when in a relaxed state, for example when sleeping.
Symptoms of congenital heart disease
After knowing what are the types of congenital heart disease and how it impairs heart functions, it is important to understand its symptoms, which can be confused with other conditions. The symptoms exhibited by a patient with congenital heart disease include:
- Abnormally fast heartbeat
- Rapid breathing and/or respiratory distress
- Swelling in the legs and thighs
- Extreme tiredness and fatigue
- Cyanosis, a condition where the skin turns a blue tinge
Usually, these symptoms are prevalent in the child’s infancy. However, some infants with CHD may appear normal on routine examination, and the signs may not be apparent. So, it is important to consult your doctor as your infant may also experience tiredness and shortness of breath after feeding sessions.
Congenital Heart Disease Complications to Watch Out For