home

How could we improve it?

close
chevron
This article contains false or inaccurate information.
chevron

Please tell us what was incorrect.

wanring-icon
Please note that you do not need to fill this detail if it's inconvenient for you. Click Send My Opinion below to continue reading our site.
chevron
This article doesn't provide enough info.
chevron

Please tell us what was missing.

wanring-icon
Please note that you do not need to fill this detail if it's inconvenient for you. Click Send My Opinion below to continue reading our site.
chevron
Hmm... I have a question.
chevron

We’re unable to offer personal health advice, diagnosis, or treatment, but we welcome your feedback! Just type it in the box below.

wanring-icon
If you're facing a medical emergency, call your local emergency services immediately, or visit the nearest emergency room or urgent care center.

Or copy link

New

Atherosclerosis Can Lead to What Kind of Stroke? Find Out Here

Atherosclerosis Can Lead to What Kind of Stroke? Find Out Here

As people age, the risk of stroke increases. However, one of the leading causes of strokes that people may not know about is atherosclerosis. What is atherosclerosis? Atherosclerosis can lead to what kind of stroke? Read on to find out.

What Is Atherosclerosis? Atherosclerosis can lead to what kind of stroke?

Atherosclerosis is a kind of arteriosclerosis. Arteriosclerosis is when blood vessels become stiff and thicker.

Normal arteries are elastic and flexible. However, the arteries can harden over time. Arteriosclerosis makes it difficult for the blood to carry nutrients and oxygen from the heart throughout the body. Occasionally, it can reduce blood flow to the tissues and organs.

Atherosclerosis is when substances like fats and cholesterol build up in the artery walls. The build up is referred to as plaque. This build up can make arteries narrow and block blood flow. It can also cause a blood clot if the plaque bursts.

What Are the Symptoms of Atherosclerosis?

Mild cases of atherosclerosis may not have obvious symptoms. Symptoms often occur when an artery becomes so clogged and narrow so it cannot move blood throughout the body.

Symptoms of more severe atherosclerosis may include:

  • Chest pressure (called angina) and pain (if the atherosclerosis is in the heart arteries).
  • Less blood pressure and pain in some limbs (if the atherosclerosis is in the leg and arm arteries).
  • Kidney pressure and high blood pressure (if the atherosclerosis is in the arteries that lead to the kidneys).
  • Sudden weakness or numbness in the legs or arms, drooping face muscles, temporary vision loss in one eyes, and slurred speech or difficulty speaking (if the atherosclerosis is in the arteries that lead to the brain).

What Causes Atherosclerosis?

The disease is slow, and it can happen in children. The exact causes of atherosclerosis are unknown, but it can occur if an artery’s inner layer gets damaged. The damage can be due to:

  • High cholesterol
  • Tobacco products
  • Diabetes, obesity, and insulin resistance
  • High triglycerides
  • Inflammation from diseases like lupus, arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, etc.
  • High blood pressure

Atherosclerosis can lead to what kind of stroke? Read on to find out.

Atherosclerosis Can Lead to What Kind of Stroke?

Atherosclerosis can cause ischemic strokes, typically because of blood clots. The arteries that lead to the brain narrow because of atherosclerosis or various other particles. This may cause a blood clot.

The most common kind of stroke atherosclerosis can cause is atherothrombotic stroke. This happens when a blood clot develops on atheroscieotic plaque in a blood vessel in the brain. The clot stops blood flow to that area of the brain.

Who Is At Risk for Strokes Caused by Atherosclerosis?

People with the following risk factors have a higher chance of developing atherosclerosis and stroke:

  • Obesity
  • Low physical activity levels
  • Cigarette smoking
  • High cholesterol levels
  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure (highest risk for stroke)
  • Diets low in veggies and fruits, high in trans and saturated fats

How to Prevent Strokes Caused by Atherosclerosis

Addressing the previously mentioned risk factors can significantly reduce the risk of atherosclerosis and stroke. The following tips could help reduce your risk:

  • Stop smoking
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Consume a balanced and healthy diet
  • Stay physically active
  • Maintain healthy blood pressure levels
  • Maintain healthy cholesterol levels

How to Treat a Stroke Caused by Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis can lead to what kind of stroke? We know it may lead to ischmic strokes, but how can that be treated?

One of the most crucial factors for treatment of any stroke is time. It is best if a person having a stroke seeks immediate medical attention. About two million neurons can die every minute a person has a stroke.

The type of treatment doctors will perform will mostly depend on how long a stroke has been happening. Examples of treatment for ischemic stroke are:

  • Pill medications to prevent embolism and lower blood pressure
  • Intravenously administered medications to save the brain, restore blood flow, and break up any blood clots
  • Stenting intracranially (in the head) and extracranially (outside the head)
  • Bypass surgery
  • Anticoagulation and antiplatelet medications
  • Balloon angioplasty
  • Intravenous tissue plasminogen activator to melt the clot that caused the stroke
  • Mechanical thrombectomy to remove clots from the artery

Key Takeaway

It is important to learn about how atherosclerosis can occur and how it can lead to a stroke. Atherosclerosis can lead to what kind of stroke? It can lead to ischemic strokes. Being able to recognize the potential causes for strokes can help prevent this serious health issue.

Learn more about Atherosclerosis here.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Picture of the author
Written by Ruby Anne Hornillos on 2 weeks ago
Medically reviewed by Hello Doctor Medical Panel
x