This mood is similar to a feeling of sadness, emptiness, hopelessness, or pessimism. Although sadness is considered a normal human emotion, it is when a person experiences it consistently that it becomes a serious issue.
Some of the other common symptoms are:
- A sudden loss of interest in normal activities or hobbies
- Developing a sense of guilt, helplessness, or worthlessness on top of the depressive mood
- Having less energy, feeling tired or slowing down even when doing ordinary tasks
- An inability to concentrate on normal tasks, remember details, or make decisions
- Developing sleep-related problems like insomnia or oversleeping
- Developing food-related issues like overeating or experiencing a lack of appetite
- Being persistently restless, irritable, or anxious
- Developing physical issues like chronic headaches, stomach problems, or heart palpitations
- Having suicidal thoughts or attempting suicide
According to the US National Institute of Mental Health, the symptoms of clinical depression can vary according to the gender of a person.
Women usually develop emotional symptoms such as sadness or notions of worthlessness or guilt. Meanwhile, men are more likely to develop behavioral symptoms, such as insomnia or loss of interest in activities or hobbies.
What Is Situational Depression?
Situational depression is also called adjustment disorder with depressed mood. Basically, it happens when a person goes through a traumatic situation and the person cannot cope with the change that happens. When the person has adjusted to the event or the change, then the depression can eventually go away.
Like clinical depression, there are many causes of situational depression like the death of a loved one, marital problems, retirement, or bullying at school. The root of these causes, though, is the same: stress. People who cannot deal with stress are more at risk of suffering from situational depression.
This type of depression has symptoms similar to that of clinical depression. These include changes to a person’s emotional condition (such as sadness, or pessimism), or behavioral condition (such as irritability, or turning to drugs). It also includes changes in physical condition (such as chronic headaches or stomach aches).