What is keratoconus? Keratoconus is a non-inflammatory eye disorder in which the cornea gradually thins, bulging outward in the shape of a cone. It usually affects only one eye, but it can eventually develop in both eyes.
What is Keratoconus?
The severity of keratoconus differs from patient to patient, depending on several factors. Patients may experience blurry vision and light-sensitivity that can be an early symptom of this condition that can lead to vision impairment if not treated during the early stage.
Symptoms of keratoconus may develop during late teens up to 30 years of age. It is considered a rare eye condition as it affects 1 out of 2,000 individuals worldwide.
What are its Causes?
The primary cause of keratoconus is undefined. However, professionals believe that this disease is already present at birth and which develops later in puberty to adulthood.
Based on research, the common finding among keratoconus patients is the loss of collagen in the cornea. Collagen is the second layer of the cornea that is made up of water and protein. It is responsible for the eye keeping its shape. The loss of collagen is due to an imbalance in production and destruction of the corneal tissue by the corneal cells.