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Common Eye Diseases in the Philippines: The Most Prevalent

    Common Eye Diseases in the Philippines: The Most Prevalent

    Common eye diseases in the Philippines have been given more attention as research has taken account of the toll of these conditions on Filipinos. Common eye diseases impair vision and affect the overall health and quality of life of Filipinos.

    Common Eye Diseases

    Listed below are some of the most common eye diseases in the Philippines.

    Myopia

    Nearsightedness or myopia is basically the opposite of hyperopia. Both conditions are refractive errors, but individuals with myopia see closer objects very clearly while objects at a distance are seen as faded and blurred.

    Hyperopia

    Otherwise known as farsightedness, and the opposite of myopia, though both are refractive errors. Hyperopia causes the eye to be unable to properly refract light to focus on images. As such, objects from a distance look clear, but closer objects appear blurred or faded.

    Astigmatism

    Astigmatism occurs when there are imperfections pertaining to the cornea or lens of the eye. Normal eyes have cornea and lens that are equally smooth and proportional, which allows the focus of light rays to travel to the retina. Uncorrected astigmatism, especially in adults, will begin to reflect once patients notice a decrease in vision quality. Astigmatism is sometimes coupled with or is related to a refractive error.

    Cataract

    Cataracts cause the lens of the eye to become cloudy. When trying to focus on images, things may appear to be hazy, blurry, less colorful, and harder to see clearly. People affected by a cataract compare their vision to that of looking through a dusty windshield of a car, or through a very foggy mirror.

    Glaucoma

    Glaucoma is a group of diseases characterized by retinal cell loss leading to optic nerve head damage. One of the leading risk factor is increased intraocular pressure brought about by buildup of fluid that causes damage towards the optic nerve.

    Conjunctivitis

    Also known as pink eye, conjunctivitis refers to the irritation of the eyes due to infections or allergies. It often causes swelling and a red color of the eyes, with the presence of discharge at times. Conjunctivitis may either be bacterial, allergic, or viral.

    Blepharitis

    Blepharitis refers to the eyelids’ inflammation. They may appear swollen, red, and produce a burning or sore feeling. At times, a crust forms at the base of the eyelashes. Blepharitis is a common eye disease, especially for people that have dandruff and oily skin.

    Styes

    Also known as a hordeolum, refers to a usually small, painful and reddish lump that grows out from the eyelash’s base, or at times, under the eyelid. A majority of styes are a result of bacterial infections. Styes may be internal or external.

    Retinal Detachment

    Occurs when the retina lifts and moves away from the back of the eye. As a result, the retina fails to work as intended, thus causing vision to become blurry. Seek immediate medical attention if you have a detached retina.

    Maculopathy

    Refers to a progressive eye disease that may lead to vision loss for both eyes. The disease targets the macula, which is located at the back of the retina and is responsible for processing finer details, reading, and central vision.

    Macular degenerations occurs when the macula sustains damage. This degeneration of the macula leads to a loss of central vision and difficulty processing fine details. Additionally, macular degeneration does not affect peripheral vision.

    Lazy Eye

    Amblyopia or lazy eye refers to an eye disease that causes reduced vision in one eye due to abnormalities in development during early stages in one’s life. It generally develops from birth up to seven years of age. Lazy eye rarely affects both eyes.

    Key Takeaways

    In conclusion, common eye diseases have a wide array of types and each usually indicates damage in a part of the eye or a related organ. It is imperative to get in touch with a medical professional when you begin to experience symptoms related to your vision, as immediate and appropriate action is the best way to combat some of the more common eye diseases in the Philippines.

    Learn more about Eye Diseases here.

    Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

    Sources

    Prevention of Blindness program
    https://doh.gov.ph/national-prevention-of-blindness-program
    Accessed January 7, 2021

    Philippine Eye Research Institute
    https://nih.upm.edu.ph/institute/philippine-eye-research-institute
    Accessed January 7, 2021

    Taking Care of Our Eyes
    https://www.dlshsi.edu.ph/dlsumc/health-advisory/taking-care-eyes
    Accessed January 7, 2021

    Rapid assessment of avoidable blindness in Negros Island and Antique District, Philippines
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2095536/
    Accessed January 7, 2021

    Prevalence of Major Eye Diseases among US Civil War Veterans, 1890-1910
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3576890/
    Accessed January 7, 2021

    Cornea and External Disease
    https://pao.org.ph/faqs/cornea-and-external-disease/
    Accessed January 7, 2021

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    Written by Kristel Dacumos-Lagorza Updated Jul 05, 2021
    Medically reviewed by Victor Paulino, MD, DPBO