What is prediabetes?
If you have prediabetes, it means that your blood sugar level is higher than normal, but it is not high enough to be detected as type 2 diabetes, yet. People with uncontrolled prediabetes have a higher rate of developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.
Sometimes, people who are diagnosed with prediabetes downplay its severity since they don’t show other warning signs of prediabetes aside from a high blood sugar level. But silently, the complications of prediabetes may begin without you knowing.
If not treated immediately, type 2 diabetes can damage the eyes, nerves, kidneys, blood vessels, and heart. But, with a change in lifestyle, you can prevent the worsening of prediabetes and lessen your risk of type 2 diabetes by 40%-70%.
Studies predict that approximately 470 million people worldwide will have prediabetes by 2030 based on the rise of prediabetes prevalence today.
Prediabetes occurs due to the body’s resistance to insulin and the dysfunction of B cells in the pancreas. For those who are prediabetic, your pancreas still produces insulin. However, the amount of insulin being produced isn’t enough to neutralize the rising level of your blood sugar.
Signs and Symptoms of prediabetes
A person with prediabetes can have the condition for years without any outward signs and symptoms. One of the many reasons why prediabetes develops into type 2 diabetes is because it is not diagnosed in time.
It is important to spot the warning signs of prediabetes, so you can prevent this serious health condition from progressing.
The symptoms and warning signs of prediabetes include:
- Darkening of skin on certain parts of the body like the neck, armpits, elbows, knees, and knuckles.
- Increased hunger
- Excessive thirst
- Increased frequency in urination
- Temporary blurring of vision
It is best to get screening tests immediately if you notice the following signs and symptoms of yourself or on someone you know.