Treatment and Prevention
As stroke is a serious condition, it is important that the patient should be brought to the hospital for medical assistance and intervention. There, patients may be treated with the following:
This involves the use of “clot-busting drugs” to reduce the damage brought by the blood clots and prevent the subsequent stroke.
There are instances where interruption to the bloodstream should be addressed through surgery. This includes the following:
- Carotid Artery Surgery – This procedure involves removal of fatty deposits in the artery. This helps in restoring of the blood supply in the brain
- Carotid stenting – This involves opening the narrowed artery using a small tube with an attached balloon that can be inflated during the procedure.
Other forms of therapy
Stroke may affect the physical and cognitive functions of patients. In cases like this, patients should be given physical, occupational and speech therapy to restore such functions. Psychological counseling may also be included.
Diabetes and stroke can be prevented through the following:
- Check your cholesterol levels. Control the amounts of cholesterol in the body by limiting the intake of fat and cholesterol-based foods.
- Taking prescribed medications. When you are diagnosed with a disease like diabetes, your doctor will prescribe you medications to deal with your disease, and to prevent further complications in the future.
- Avoid smoking. Limit your alcohol intake.
- Check your blood pressure. Manage it through healthy diet and taking medications.
- Exercise regularly
- Follow prescribed instructions in changing your diet and using preventive medications.