Melanomas are characterized by their jagged or notched borders.
Unlike a normal mole, melanomas will have two or more colors.
Melanomas tend to be larger than 6mm.
Enlargement or elevation
If your mole is getting bigger or is changing shape over time, it is most likely melanoma
Types of melanoma
Here are the different types of melanoma:
Superficial spreading melanoma
This is most common in people with pale and freckled skin. On the other hand this type is less likely to be found in people with darker skin. This kind of melanoma doesn’t pose as much of an issue since it tends to grow outwards rather than downwards. However, if it grows deeper into other layers of the skin it can be a concern.
This type usually grows fast and can spread quickly to other layers of the skin. It appears as a lump that is black and/or red in color. One good way to spot them is if you notice any bleeding or oozing from the area.
Lentigo maligna melanoma
This type is more prevalent in older people. The melanoma may develop slowly, over the years. It looks like freckles but is black and usually larger in size. It is commonly found in areas that see increased sun exposure like the face. Lentigo maligna melanoma usually grows in size and can eventually develop to deeper layers in the skin.
Acral lentiginous melanoma
This is a rare type of melanoma that is usually found in the palms of the hands or the soles of the feet. They have also been seen to develop around one’s nails. This type of melanoma more commonly occurs in people with darker skin.
This type is difficult to spot because they have little to no color. It has been observed however that they can be pink or red with light brown or gray edges.
Treatment of the types of melanoma
Depending on the severity of the cancer, surgery is the most common treatment for melanoma. If it has spread or metastasized to other parts of the body however, a more invasive procedure or immunotherapy might be suggested to increase life expectancy,
Melanoma is a serious cancer of the skin. There are several different types of melanoma, some of which are more prevalent in people with specific skin tones. Identifying the early signs and symptoms of melanoma can lead to swift treatment. To reduce the risk of developing melanoma you should take steps to reduce sun exposure.
Learn more about Skin Cancer here.