The possible causes of PCOS
Until now, scientists still do not know the exact reason why polycystic ovary syndrome happens; but, they have looked into the following factors that possibly increase a woman’s risk of developing the condition.
Genetics and heredity
Scientists believe that polycystic ovary syndrome is a “familial condition,” which means it’s likely driven by genetics or heredity. As of now, they understand that a woman’s risk of developing PCOS increases if she has relatives who have experienced it. They also recognize that changes in genes may be causing the syndrome. However, researchers still cannot identify the exact genes that trigger the condition.
High insulin levels
The possible causes of PCOS also include high insulin levels and insulin resistance. To get the complete picture, let’s first define insulin.
Insulin is the hormone that our pancreas produces. It helps our cells absorb sugar (glucose), our body’s preferred energy source.
When cells are insulin resistant, they do not respond well to insulin, leading to an inability to use sugar. Unused sugar stays in the blood, causing hyperglycemia, which, in turn, prompts the body to think that we still need more insulin.
As a result, the pancreas unnecessarily produces more insulin, which only collects in the blood.
Reports say that most women with polycystic ovary syndrome also have insulin resistance, and almost half will develop type 2 diabetes once they reach the age of 40.