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How Can Pneumonia be Prevented?

How Can Pneumonia be Prevented?

Knowing how to prevent pneumonia is one of the most important things to know to maintain lung health. By making simple changes to your diet and lifestyle, you can reduce your risk of getting some infectious diseases – including pneumonia.

Read on to discover how to prevent pneumonia.

How to Prevent Pneumonia

Preventing pneumonia starts by taking care of yourself. Know which kinds of food to eat, find out how much sleep to get, and discover how much exercise you need.

Maintain a balanced diet

A balanced diet means a mix of lean proteins, carbohydrates, fruits and vegetables, fats, grains, and oils. Without a balanced diet, your organs and tissues don’t work as effectively, and you become more prone to diseases and infections. Eating a wide variety of food is essential.

However, this doesn’t mean you have to completely deprive yourself of sweet treats– moderation is key.

Get enough sleep

The occasional power nap isn’t enough. Your body needs eight hours of uninterrupted, blissful sleep. This is extremely important, especially for children and the elderly. Getting sufficient amounts of sleep can rejuvenate the body.

Take vitamin supplements

Along with having a balanced diet, it is also extremely important that you have sufficient amounts of vitamins and minerals in your diet.

These strengthen your immune system, help heal wounds, and keep your bones strong. Before you purchase any over-the-counter multivitamins, talk to your doctor to find the one that is best for you.

Quit smoking

Pneumonia is an infectious lung disease, so naturally, you have to quit anything that inhabits your lungs, tobacco included. Studies have also found that those who regularly smoke often have a higher risk of getting pneumonia.

Wash your hands regularly

Handwashing helps kills germs, preventing the spread of infectious diseases, such as pneumonia.

It’s important to make handwashing a habit, not just before and after meals but also when you leave the house when you return, or whenever you’ve touched a dirty surface. Make sure to wash your hands for 20 seconds at least.

If you can’t wash your hands, an alcohol-based hand sanitizer is the next best thing. Though alcohol doesn’t quite work the same as hand washing, it has been found to kill germs. You can buy a hand sanitizer at your nearest drugstore.

Get vaccinated yearly

Get yearly flu or pneumonia vaccines, which can offer lifetime protection.

One effective way to prevent pneumonia involves getting vaccinated. There are some companies that offer free vaccinations to their employees, but for those who don’t have that kind of benefit, you can go directly to your nearest health provider and ask to be vaccinated for flu and pneumonia.

Children below five years old also need to get vaccinated because they are more susceptible to infections and other diseases.

Be aware of your general health

Always listen to your body. Know when something is the wrong or when your body needs help. This usually manifests in some common ailments such as cough and colds, and fever. When any of these ailments appear, consult your doctor.

Drink plenty of fluids

Staying hydrated is one of the best ways to ensure overall health. It is recommended that you drink at least eight glasses of water each day. You can also drink some ginger or turmeric tea because this can help in strengthening your immunity and help protect you from infection.

Stay away from people who are sick

If you have a family member with a fever, cough, or cold, stay away from him or her. Keep your distance, as droplets from the cough, may transfer to you, making you sick as well.


For many people, getting adequate exercise means going to the gym and lifting some weights. However, what’s important is being active and moving about.

For example, instead of taking the elevator, why not use the stairs? Walk and jog around your neighborhood, or do some yoga. You can also exercise along to some workout videos on YouTube. The bottom line is to always get up and move!

Avoid alcohol

While some studies say that drinking wine is good for you, the problem is when one glass of alcohol becomes, two, three, or more. Then the occasional drink becomes a habit. Keep in mind that drinking too much alcohol can make you prone to diseases and infections.

Key Takeaways

As doctors often say, it is always better to prevent a disease than to cure it. Adopting simple lifestyle changes and being mindful of your habits can go a long way in preventing pneumonia.


Learn more about pneumonia, here.

Hello Health Group does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.


Red wine and resveratrol: Good for your heart? https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heart-disease/in-depth/red-wine/art-20048281 Accessed August 15, 2020

Pneumonia: Prevention https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/4471-pneumonia/prevention Accessed August 15, 2020

Preventing Pneumonia https://www.lung.org/lung-health-diseases/lung-disease-lookup/pneumonia/preventing-pneumonia Accessed August 15, 2020

Pneumonia https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pneumonia/ Accessed August 15, 2020

Pneumonia https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/pneumonia Accessed August 15, 2020

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Written by Excel Dyquiangco Updated Aug 19, 2020
Medically reviewed by January Velasco, M.D.